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Wireless usb research paper

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A Resume for the Modern Art Teacher. If you read this article a while back, you may be thinking, #8220;Can I really pull off a trendy resume like that?#8221; It#8217;s important to strike a balance between professionalism and creativity. When I saw this resume by wireless paper, Kassie, I was blown away! To me, this resume is obesity, unique enough to wireless usb research paper, stand out in the crowd, but easy to personal ethics essays, read and informative for the administrator who is accustomed to the traditional resume. Click on this sample to see the details, and thanks, Kassie, for sharing.

My favorite part? The fact that it all fits on one page. I always value simplicity (if you can squeeze it all in). I hope it inspires you to usb research paper, revamp your resume to stand out in the pile. You just never know what opportunities may come about! Is your resume in need of some serious updating?

Psstt. Come back tomorrow for some job interview tips! Jessica Balsley is the Founder and President at AOE. She is passionate about essays, helping art teachers enhance their lives and careers through relevant professional development. Course Recommendations for Blossoming Art Teachers. Usb Research. Resume vs. Curriculum Vitae: An Art Teacher’s Guide. The Art Teacher’s Ultimate Guide to Getting Hired. I wish I was brave enough for a resume like this. I just don#8217;t want to get passed up by a traditionalist principal.

I have been using the same resume format for 3 years and I am so bored with it#8230;but I don#8217;t know how to make it more functional and personal ethics fit more info. Plus, I still like it traditional. Wireless Paper. Any more traditional examples? One creative way to take a traditional resume and give it a little #8216;flair#8217; without all the bells and whistles is to simply add color. Student. Make your name and heading a color, and all of the sub headings below to wireless usb research paper, match. Something this simple might just do the trick for you. It#8217;s all about finding what makes you comfortable and allows your greatness to malthus's principle of population, shine through. I had a more traditional resume, but I added a sidebar of color that included an image of wireless usb research, my own artwork, with my contact info below it instead of in a header.

That sounds like a nice balance, Marie! Hi Jessica, I#8217;m an administrator in an elementary school and I LOVE reading your site. Malthus's On The Principle Of Population Discussed The Tendency Of Humans. This week we have been interviewing over a dozen candidates for a PE job. I know that if we were interviewing for an art position that I would want to interview the candidate with the wireless usb research paper, resume above. Of course I am in a big system in ethics, Maryland (more than 130 elementary schools) so everyone has to move through Human Resources before they come to us. Wireless Usb Research Paper. But I think if you are trying to get a job as an art teacher, it is a FINE thing to show that you are creative and can make a resume that is visually appealing and malthus's on the of population discussed plays to visual literacy skills. Keep up the good work! Hi Jennifer- It#8217;s great to paper, hear your perspective as an help with paper, administrator.

Thank you so much for chiming in. You know, I think the wireless paper, times are changing and perhaps sometime soon we will even see the day when there are no paper resumes and we will use Linked in on increase obesity, or something similar. I am a non-traditional 30 yr old Art Education student who is in the last student teaching placement of the semester and will be graduating next month. I was in wireless paper, the corporate world before this and help with paper am used to sticking to the #8220;boring#8221; professional resumes while my creative heart and soul screamed. I started subscribing to your newsletters and wireless usb research following your FB feed sometime in the fall. I just wanted to say how thankful I am for all of the info you post#8230;. especially this resume!! I was reading your recent post about interviewing tips that led me to this post. This is definitely THEE BEST INFO EVER! Kassie has inspired Art Educators everywhere to create a simple, yet very creative and professional, resume. I have sat many times through student teaching and thought to myself, #8220;How am I going to make my resume stand out?! There has to be a way!

I#8217;m a talented, experienced, and passionate artist that has a knack for teaching. How do I do what I do best think outside of the to effective, box?#8221; I have a graphic design background and knew there had to be solution#8230;. and Kassie has found it. Thank you so much for sharing her resume with all of us. It is paper, seriously a lifesaver! I will have to let you know if I land an student suicides, interview in the coming months! My daughter is in paper, this stage of her life. She wondered how these graphics heavy resumes get past the automatic-resume-scanner-thingies ( my words not hers.). Any one know?

Hi Jessica- Do you know what program/template Kassie used to make this resume? I#8217;m not an to wrie, art teacher, but I LOVE the style she has used here. Thanks!! You can use anything, really. Pages on your Mac and wireless usb research paper even Word if you are savvy. I am a professional resume writer with 20 years experience in recruiting and staffing. The resume you are highlighting is good for essay student suicides, personal presentation but would NEVER get through applicant tracking systems. I would not advise using this type of resume for any on line applications. after teaching art for the last 8 years, I am finding myself starting the job search again. as I am updating my resume, I am questioning the wireless paper, length and pertinent information that needs to be included or deleted. my question is: how far back should I go with information? do i include field experience and observation sites, student teaching from 2004-05 school year, now that I have been teaching in essay on the principle discussed the tendency of humans, my own classroom for the last 8 years?

Hey Jessica, The difficult part of being super creative is usually the person you are interviewing with is not. My fear of making my resume too flashy is wireless usb research, not being easy to relate to or navigate. Malthus's Essay Principle Discussed. The example is above is a great in between the corporate world and wireless paper creative world. Thank you for that. My question would be how much of personal essays, my non-teaching jobs should be on usb research paper, the resume?

I obviously don#8217;t want to highlight them but if I don#8217;t include everything will I be #8220;lying#8221;? Did we ever get an answer about essay student suicides, whether principals will be able to open these resumes? I have received great feedback about wireless usb research paper, my resume in person, but I never seem to get interviews when I just email it. I wonder if something is communication, wrong with it.

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Personal values, belief and attitudes. As human beings, we all have our own values, beliefs and attitudes that we have developed throughout the course of our lives. Our family, friends, community and the experiences we have had all contribute to our sense of who we are and how we view the world. As community services workers, we are often working with people who are vulnerable and/or who may live a lifestyle that mainstream society views as being different or unacceptable. If, as community services workers, we are to provide a service that meets the needs of our target groups and helps them to feel empowered, we need to be aware of our own personal values, beliefs and attitudes and be prepared to adopt the usb research paper, professional values of our industry—and not impose our own ideas on our clients. Values are principles, standards or qualities that an individual or group of people hold in high regard. These values guide the student suicides, way we live our lives and the decisions we make. A value may be defined as something that we hold dear, those things/qualities which we consider to be of wireless worth. A ‘value’ is commonly formed by a particular belief that is related to the worth of an idea or type of behaviour. Some people may see great value in saving the world’s rainforests.

However a person who relies on the logging of a forest for student, their job may not place the same value on the forest as a person who wants to save it. Values can influence many of the judgments we make as well as have an impact on the support we give clients. It is important that we do not influence client’s decisions based on our values. We should always work from the basis of supporting the client’s values. Activity: What are some of wireless paper my values? Manners—are they old fashioned? Do they hold a high or low value in help with paper, your life? Pride—are there things you need to be proud of? Do you value pride or do you value humility? Clothes—how important are clothes at work? At play?

Behaviour on the sports field—what behaviours do you value? Sportsmanship? Winning? Team spirit? Individuality? Family life? What do you value about family life? Our values come from a variety of sources. Some of these include: family peers (social influences) the workplace (work ethics, job roles) educational institutions such as schools or TAFE significant life events (death, divorce, losing jobs, major accident and trauma, major health issues, significant financial losses and paper, so on) religion music media technology culture major historical events (world wars, economic depressions, etc).

Dominant values are those that are widely shared amongst a group, community or culture. They are passed on essay on increase through sources such as the usb research paper, media, institutions, religious organisations or family, but remember what is considered dominant in one culture or society will vary to the next. Using the sources listed above, some of your values could be: family—caring for each other, family comes first peers—importance of friendship, importance of doing things that peers approve of workplace—doing your job properly; approving/disapproving of ‘foreign orders’ (doing home-related activities in work time or using work resources for home related activities) educational institutions—the valuing or otherwise of learning; value of self in relation to an ability to learn (this often depends on personal experience of schooling, whether positive or negative) significant life events—death of a research paper loved ones and the impact on what we value as being important; marriage and the importance and role of marriage and wireless, children; separation and divorce and the value change that may be associated with this (valuing of self or otherwise) religion—beliefs about ‘right and wrong’ and barriers essay, beliefs in gods media—the impact of usb research paper TV, movies, radio, the Internet and advertising on what is important in our lives, what is valued and not valued music—music often reflects what is occurring in society, people’s response to things such as love and relationships which may then influence the to wrie, development of our values technology—the importance of technology or otherwise; the importance of computers and usb research, developing computer skills culture—a cultural value such as the importance of individuality as opposed to a research paper, conforming to groups major historical events—not wasting anything, saving for times of draught, valuing human life, patriotic values. It is important that you develop an awareness of wireless usb research paper what you value, as these values will be important in informing your relationships with clients, co–workers and employers. The following is a list of to wrie a research common dominant values in Australian society. Tick the values that apply to wireless paper, you and then select the ten most important values you ticked and rank them. (1 = most important, 10 = least important) Did you learn something about yourself that you didn’t expect?

What is important here is your ability to essay in childhood obesity, be able to identify the values that are important to wireless usb research, you. It is on the principle of population discussed the tendency of humans, important to wireless usb research paper, be conscious of personal our values. This knowledge helps us to: ask ourselves why we are doing what we are doing identify the consequences of our actions for ourselves and wireless, others (including clients and co-workers) consider other and better options if necessary. It is important to not only have a knowledge of your value system, but to understand that your values underpin your beliefs and to wrie, beliefs underpin behaviour. How we behave is a reflection of usb research paper our beliefs and our beliefs are a reflection of to wrie our values. We are all influenced in varying degrees by the values of our family, culture, religion, education and social group. Knowing your own values can help you work effectively with clients, resolve conflicts and support the organisation’s philosophy of wireless usb research paper care appropriately. Wherever our values come from they make us the unique person we are today! Answer the following and then think about barriers communication, what it tells you about yourself, where your values have come from and wireless, how people with different backgrounds and life experiences would answer these questions. Essay On Increase Obesity? There are no right or wrong answers—just answer honestly and be willing to explore and wireless, reflect upon your own values.

With what race do I identify? Do I know people from a different race to me? Do I believe people from barriers to effective, different races should live together? What would life be like if my skin colour was different? What do I think about marriages and relationships between people from different races? How many friends do I have from wireless usb research paper, the opposite sex?

If I was a different gender how might life be different? What is my religion? Do I believe in to wrie a research, it? What is wireless paper, my family’s religion? Are most people in paper, my community from this religion? How does my religion influence my life? What culture do I identify with? What do I like and wireless paper, dislike about my culture and traditions? What other cultures interest me? Do I like learning about malthus's on the discussed, them?

Why? What is my first language? What other languages do I speak? Who should decide what language people should speak? What political party do I support? Why? Do I believe in the death penalty? Why? What are my views on abortion? Why?

What are my views on homosexuality? Why? What are my views about wireless, illegal drugs? Why? What are my view about voluntary euthanasia? Why? Reflect on your answers about where your values have come from. What did this activity tell you about your values? Can you identify some other factors/significant life experiences that have contributed in shaping your values? Why have you decided to become a worker in the CSI? How do you think your values will guide your actions as a worker in the CSI?

The aim of this activity is to in childhood obesity, make you aware of issues that could arise in the workplace and the differing values workers can have. There are no right or wrong answers, so when completing this activity try to paper, be as honest as you can. Read the following scenarios and rate your reactions by ticking the box which best defines your reaction. Stan and Russell have become good friends in the residential care facility. They enjoy each other’s company and like to read pornographic magazines together. Stan usually buys the magazines, but one month Stan did not come into the hostel for care as he usually did. To Wrie Paper? Russell wanted some new pornos to read so he asked Penny the care worker to buy him some magazines. She agreed and brought some for paper, him. What do you think about help with paper, Penny doing this for wireless usb research, Russell? Wayne is a 49 year old volunteer at barriers to effective essay an aged care home. He is an paper Anglo-Australian, with a disability.

He works with Anh, the recreation officer. She Vietnamese and is 20 years old. Wayne and Anh have been going out to effective communication, together and Wayne has told Anh that he loves her. Wireless Usb Research? How do you feel about essay student, Anh and Wayne being partners? Rate your feeling according to their ages:

Rate your feeling according to their cultural backgrounds: Rate your feeling according to paper, the fact they work together: Dawn is a 50 year old woman with Downs Syndrome, and is a resident at a research a residential aged care facility. She masturbates in the common lounge area at the facility. Wireless? She needs to be shown a private place to do this and it is your role to take her to a private room, next time she is on the principle of population the tendency, masturbating. How do you feel about this? Rate your response according to the factor of Dawn masturbating:

Rate your response according to the factor of your role as a worker assisting her in wireless usb research paper, this situation. This activity was useful in helping you identify some strong beliefs you hold. It is essay in childhood, good for you to be able to wireless paper, reflect on these and think how they might impact on your role as a care worker. Malthus's Essay On The Principle Discussed The Tendency Of Humans? For example, if you think that all older people and people with disabilities have a right to express their sexuality, regardless of the way they choose do that, you will want to usb research, ensure their privacy and dignity is respected. Remember, clients have a right to ethics essays, receive a professional service regardless of the attitudes, beliefs and values they hold.

After answering the questions, you might find it useful to revisit your answers and usb research, identify where your attitudes have come from. This will help in preventing your personal attitudes from impacting on the way you work with clients. Beliefs come from real experiences but often we forget that the original experience is not the same as what is a research, happening in life now. Our values and wireless usb research paper, beliefs affect the quality of our work and all our relationships because what you believe is what you experience. We tend to on increase in childhood obesity, think that our beliefs are based on wireless paper reality, but it is our beliefs that govern our experiences. The beliefs that we hold are an barriers to effective important part of our identity. They may be religious, cultural or moral. Beliefs are precious because they reflect who we are and how we live our lives. As a care worker in the community services industry, the pre-existing beliefs you may have could be related to stereotypes that have developed for you around issues like sexuality, alcohol and other drugs, ageing and disabilities, independence, health, the rights of wireless people, your idea of health and what it’s like to be older and/or disabled. These stereotypes could affect the way you interact and work with clients. To Effective? This is because you have assumptions about what your clients can and can’t do for themselves, the way they should think about issues and what is best for them.

If you make assumptions as a worker then you are denying clients their rights, respect and dignity. As a worker this would be regarded as a breach in your duty of care towards clients. The need for older people and usb research, people with disabilities to express their sexuality does not necessarily diminish over time. The desire for intimacy can in essay in childhood, fact intensify. The development of new relationships may occur as a result of wireless usb research paper living in a residential care setting or as people’s social networks change over personal essays, time. The right to express sexuality is a quality of life issue and is part of one’s self-identity. The way people choose to wireless usb research, express their sexuality may change over time in a variety of ways. Intimate relationships enhance a person’s quality of life and contribute to their feelings of well being.

As a care worker it is important to obesity, respect a person’s right to express their sexuality in a way which is appropriate for them. The word ‘attitude’ can refer to a lasting group of feelings, beliefs and behaviour tendencies directed towards specific people, groups, ideas or objects. An attitude is a belief about something. It usually describes what we think is the ‘proper’ way of doing something. The attitudes that we feel very strongly about are usually called values. Other attitudes are not so important and wireless paper, are more like opinions.

Sometimes our own attitudes can make us blind to other people’s values, opinions and needs. Personal Ethics Essays? Attitudes will always have a positive and usb research paper, negative element and when you hold an attitude you will have a tendency to behave in a certain way toward that person or object. You will need to be aware of your own personal values, beliefs and attitudes and how they might impact on your work. It is principle of humans, important to wireless usb research, consider the personal ethics, mapping of your own life – what have been some significant events that have shaped you, what qualities you admire in yourself and others, what beliefs are important to you, what you value and so on. Some examples of these may be personal features such as strength of character, helping people, respect, honesty, wealth, success, health etc. What we believe are important qualities, or what qualities we admire in ourselves and others, generally reflect our life experiences and the values which we established in our early years through the influence of family, teachers, friends, religion, our culture, our education. Given that all of us have differences which have been shaped by paper, our life experiences, we can understand that we will all have different sets of values and beliefs. We do not all think about issues in the same way! To work effectively it is help with paper, critical to understand your own values and usb research, beliefs and to help with paper, understand the importance of not allowing them to wireless usb research, affect the on the principle, way in which you work with clients.

Remember they are your values and usb research paper, may be quite different to the values held by your clients. In order to remain professional it is necessary to barriers communication essay, leave your personal values out of the client/worker relationship. This means that it is important that you allow clients to make decisions based on their own values and beliefs rather than decisions that reflect what you think they should do. When we are carrying out our daily duties at work we rarely think about our attitudes, we are immersed in work itself and often remain unaware of just how different our attitudes could be to others around us. As previously defined an attitude is simply a belief, and wireless, describes what we think is the proper way of doing or thinking about something. Attitudes vary in intensity. When we feel strongly about something attitudes are called values. Personal Essays? Attitudes that are less important to usb research, us are called opinions. For example we may feel strongly that older people should give up their jobs when they reach a certain age, so that younger people can get work.

Strong attitudes are often very emotional and can cloud our judgement in meeting other people’s needs. Help With Paper? This means that some people or clients may be denied their rights to be allowed to make their own choices and decisions about usb research, their life. Our attitudes develop over barriers to effective, time and not only reflect where we have come from i.e. the wireless, influence family, friends and experiences have had on our attitudes, but also how we will proceed with our life in the future. Attitudes are therefore a powerful element in our life, are long enduring and to wrie, hard to change—but not impossible! One of the problems with our attitudes is we often ignore any information which is not consistent with them—we become selective in the way we perceive and respond to events and paper, issues—and lose our ‘objectivity’ about the world.

By developing insights about our attitudes we reduce the risk of help with paper making decisions at work based on our unconscious, pre-existing perceptions, allowing us work more professionally with clients. It is good practice to usb research paper, think about your attitudes and beliefs: it helps you to understand yourself better. Ethics Essays? It is beneficial to reflect on your life, identify some of the significant events that have shaped you, consider what qualities you admire in yourself and others and be mindful of what values and are important to you. Your identity has shaped the usb research paper, person you are today! Here is a checklist that will help you assess how your identity has developed. (.doc 25 kB) The exercise you have just completed will have given you some sense of malthus's essay on the principle of population discussed of humans where your own identity has come from.

Think about this as you answer the following questions. From the values you chose above, list the ones that would apply to your role as a care worker. Why is wireless usb research paper, it important for community services workers to have a sense of personal essays their own identity and where it has come from? What issues can you identify for yourself in having to work with people and clients who have grown up differently form you, have a different identity and therefore different beliefs? Taking into account personal values and wireless usb research, beliefs. One of the responsibilities of on the principle discussed the tendency workers is that we do not impose our own values and beliefs on the people we work with. That is, that we don’t provide options and paper, services based on what we feel is right, but that we work with people in help with paper, relation to what is right for wireless, them. We should always remember that it is their life and essay in childhood obesity, only they should make decisions about wireless paper, how they should live their life. If you try to impose your own moral values on clients, you are likely to make them feel judged and to damage their self-worth. Moreover, they are likely to reject you and to reject your values too.

If you are able to accept your clients, with whatever values they have, you may well find that as time passes they move closer to essay on the principle of population discussed, you in their beliefs. This is inevitable because we are, whether we like it or not, models for our clients and we have a responsibility to be good models. Regardless of who the client is, and regardless of his or her behaviour, he or she deserves to be treated as a human being of worth. Wireless Paper? If you respect your clients, they will, through feeling valued, be given the optimum conditions in which to maximise their potential as individuals. It is student suicides, essential that you are aware of paper your own values and beliefs so that you do not impose them (deliberately or unintentionally) on the people you are working with. In order to essay student, leave your personal values out of the client/worker relationship, you need to usb research, aware of the impact they may have when you come across clients that do not behave in ways that you agree with—that is, clients who have different values and beliefs to you. You may find that with such clients you become judgemental or notice that you are encouraging clients to make a decision that reflects what you think they should do (based on your values and essays, beliefs) rather than working with the client to come up with their own ideas about how to resolve the issue. That is why it is so important to have ethical standards, so that we are operating by a professional set of guidelines, not what we personally think is right or wrong. Activity: Professional values.

Respecting the beliefs, attitudes and values of others. Everyone is entitled to usb research paper, their own values, attitudes and to wrie paper, beliefs. It is important to accept and usb research paper, respect that other people may well have different attitudes, values and beliefs than you. A Research? We do not have the right to expect that others change their values, attitudes and beliefs just because they are different to ours. It is quite possible that you may face situations at work that either challenge or compromise your own values, attitudes or beliefs when working to support people with a disability. It is not always easy to avoid communicating your beliefs and values to wireless paper, clients, but it is on the principle of population discussed the tendency, something you need to be very aware of. It can be very easy to influence clients in subtle ways. Simple things like body language, gestures, the way you say something, or even actions, can give a client the impression you agree or disagree with their values or beliefs. A disability support worker, Sally, was assisting Harry, a client, to decide what movie he was going to see on the weekend. Harry loved horror films. Sally hated them.

During the conversation Sally shook her head every time Harry pointed to a horror film in the paper. In the paper, end Harry decided to go and see a comedy. Even though Sally did not directly say that she disapproved of Harry’s movie choice, when she shook her head she indicated that she did not approve of Harry’s choice. The support you give to clients should be, as much as possible, in barriers communication, line with their values, attitudes and beliefs, while also in line with your community services organisation and the law. Impact of values and philosophies on service provision. The way that the above values and philosophies are acted upon in services affects the wireless, quality of the help with paper, service provided to clients. The more these values are promoted and reflected in the way the service operates, the more positive the experience for the client.

Activity: Identifying the impact of values and philosophies on service provision. Phong is usb research, a 29 year old Vietnamese man who was injured in a serious car accident eight months ago and barriers to effective, sustained a brain injury. This means that he has great difficulty with his short-term memory and with organising his thoughts. He also needs to use a wheelchair because of a neck injury. Phong is wireless, now living back at home with his family.

Most of his friends don’t come around anymore and Phong hardly gets out. He is unable to return to work as a mechanic. To Wrie Paper? Phong has been referred to usb research paper, a community access program, designed to help him deal with his brain injury and integrate back into the community. State of New South Wales, Department of Education and on the principle of population the tendency of humans, Training, 2009 Print.

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The Impact of wireless paper, Brown vs. Board of Education Essay Sample. All throughout America, racial segregation in public educational institutions was considered a norm in the early 1950’s. Essay Suicides. Even though all the public schools in a particular district were meant to be equal, the majority of black schools were far inferior when compared to their white counterparts. But this would all be changed in 1954 because of the story of wireless, Linda Brown who lived in Topeka, Kansas. Linda was a black third-grader who had to walk one mile by way of a railroad switchyard to go to her black elementary school, although a white elementary school was just seven blocks away from her home.

Oliver Brown, Linda’s father, attempted to register Linda in the white elementary school; however, the principal of the school declined. Thus, Oliver sought the essay help of McKinley Burnett, the head of Topeka’s branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). The group was more than willing to help the Browns since it had long aimed to confront the issue of segregation in public schools. The NAACP thought that with the Brown’s protest, it had the wireless paper right plaintiff at the right time (Knappman, 1994). Ethics Essays. In the wireless year 1951, other black parents united with Brown, and so the NAACP asked for a ruling that would prohibit the segregation of personal, Topeka’s public schools (Knappman, 1994). During the usb research trial on June 25-26, 1951, the NAACP contended that segregated schools conveyed the message to black children that they were inferior compared to whites; consequently, the schools were essentially unequal. One of the expert witnesses, Dr.

Hugh W. Speer asserted that if the help with paper black children are robbed of the experience in school of merging with white children, who account for around 90 percent of our national society in which these black children should reside, then the black child’s curriculum is being extremely restricted (Knappman, 1994). However, according to the Board of Education’s defense, since segregation in wireless Topeka and somewhere else encompassed several other facets of paper, life, segregated schools merely groomed black children for the segregation they would deal with when they become adults. Moreover, the board likewise contended that segregated schools were not inevitably damaging to black children and that great African Americans like George Washington Carver, Booker T. Washington, and Frederick Douglass had prevailed over more than just segregated schools to attain what they attained (Knappman, 1994). Because of these arguments, the wireless usb research paper call for an injunction placed the court in help with paper a hard and complex decision because on the one hand, the judges concurred with the expert witnesses since in their decision they wrote that segregation of white and black children in public educational institutions has a damaging effect upon wireless usb research, the black children. Hence, a feeling of student, inferiority influences the motivation of the student to learn.

The precedent of Plessy v. Ferguson , on usb research the other hand, enabled separate but equal school systems for both whites and blacks, and no Supreme Court decision had reversed the Plessy decision yet. As a consequence of the precedent of the Plessy ruling , the court felt obliged to rule in support of the Board of Education (Ziegler, 1958). Because of this decision, Brown and the NAACP requested to the Supreme Court on October 1, 1951 that their case be merged with other cases that confronted the issue of school segregation in South Carolina, Delaware, and Virginia. On December 9, 1952, the Supreme Court failed to come up with a decision when it first heard the case. Then on December 7-8, 1953, in the raergument, the essay on the of population discussed Court ordered that both sides talk about the conditions surrounding the implementation of the Fourteenth Amendment in paper the year 1868 (Ziegler, 1958).

However, the reargument provided little additional information regarding the essay on increase matter. Hence, the Court had to come up with decision founded not on wireless paper whether or not the authors of the essay the tendency Fourteenth Amendment had integrated schools in mind when they wrote the amendment in the year 1868, but founded on whether or not integrated schools robbed black children of equal protection of the law when the case was finally concluded in the year 1954 (Ziegler, 1958). Then the historic decision came on May 17, 1954, when Chief Justice Earl Warren announced the decision of the unanimous Court that it struck down the “separate but equal” principle of the Plessy case for public education, ruled in support of the plaintiffs, and ordered the desegregation or integration of schools all over America (Kluger, 1976) Although the Supreme Court’s Brown v. Board of Education ruling did not put an end to segregation in wireless other public places like restrooms and restaurants, nor did it necessitate desegregation or integration of public schools by a precise period, it did proclaim the mandatory or permissive segregation that remained in to wrie a research paper 21 states unconstitutional. It was an enormous step towards total desegregation of public educational institutions.

But even partial desegregation of these schools, nevertheless, was still extremely far away, as would soon become obvious (Kluger, 1976). Brown v. Board of Education declared that separate school systems for white and black children desecrated the wireless paper children’s constitutional rights. According to Kluger (1976), as a special consideration to states, which disputed that reversing long-standing systems of education and school policies would be hard and to effective essay complex, the Court believed that segregation had to be dismantled with all planned speed. Wireless Usb Research Paper. States regarded this wording as an invitation to move gradually, or they feigned to act while in on the fact blocking the decree. States like North Carolina dismantled their independent school systems, however in wireless their place set up systems that uphold segregation in other ways (Kluger, 1976). Rather than sending children to the school near their home, the school districts established “attendance zones” to lead children to single-race schools, in order that by the late 1960s, almost fifteen years after Brown, practically all schools in the Southern states remained to help with paper, be segregated. Insights About the Case.

The Brown vs. Paper. Board of to wrie a research paper, Education decision destroyed the legal basis for racial segregation in public schools and other public amenities. By proclaiming that the discriminatory characteristic of racial segregation infringes the 14th amendment to the United States Constitution, which assures every citizen equal protection of the laws, the Brown v. Board of Education laid the basis for shaping future international and national policies concerning human rights (Knappman, 1994). Furthermore, the Brown v. Board of Education did not merely concern education and children. Both all the policies and laws caused by wireless usb research paper this court decision were outcomes of the human propensities to stereotype, discriminate against, and help with paper prejudge other individuals by wireless paper their cultural, ethnic, physical, or religious characteristics (Knappman, 1994). Putting a stop to essay, this behavior as a legal practice brought about far reaching ideological and social repercussions, which remain to be felt all over America.

Moreover, the Brown ruling motivated and spurred human rights battles all over the country and all throughout the world (Knappman, 1994). Furthermore, what this legal trial symbolizes is at the heart of wireless usb research paper, United States history and the freedoms we benefit from. This is because the U.S. Personal Ethics Essays. Supreme Court ruling in Brown started a crucial chapter in the maturation of our democracy as a people and usb research paper as a nation. To Wrie Paper. The Brown decision reiterated the supreme power of the people of our country in safeguarding our natural rights from arbitrary restrictions and limits forced by both local and state governments. Despite the wireless fact that this case was considered a significant historic milestone, it is frequently misconstrued.

All through the years, the facts relating to the Brown lawsuit have been outshined by mischaracterizations and myths (Kluger, 1976). On The Discussed. As Kluger (1976) stated, first, the paper Brown vs. Board of Education was not the first test to school segregation since as early as the year 1849, African Americans filed a case (Roberts vs. Malthus's Essay Principle Of Population. City of Boston) against an educational system that commanded racial segregation, in the case of Roberts v. City of Boston. Then, Kluger (1976) also said the case namesake, Oliver Brown was only one of the almost 200 petitioners from five states who were part of the NAACP cases filed before the wireless usb research Supreme Court in of population discussed the tendency the year 1951. Actually, the Kansas case was named for Oliver Brown as a legal tactic to have a man lead the plaintiff list. In addition, the Brown ruling started social and educational reform all over wireless the country and was a channel in instigating the modern Civil Rights Movement. Bringing about change in the years since the Brown case continues to be difficult.

Nevertheless, the Brown vs. Personal Essays. Board of Education victory brought the usb research United States one step closer to living up to its democratic principles. Also as stated earlier, the Brown decision decided that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. The greatest effect of this decision on schools was felt more in the South because at long last tax dollars had to be utilized equitably (KNEA, 2003). That impacted resources, facilities, and malthus's principle discussed the tendency teacher qualification and salaries as well.

In Kansas specifically, schools were integrated right away. However, Topeka’s Washington School continued to wireless usb research, be segregated for another year or two. This is because several parents still preferred to keep their children there for the reason that they were afraid of help with paper, unpleasantries. Thus, the paper sad result was that a number of African American teachers were transferred and African American teachers who taught for a period of three years or less were not maintained. Nonetheless, the decision triggered dreams of increased hope and cries of fear and resolute resistance. Essay On Increase In Childhood. On the one hand, many people believe that the wireless backbone of segregation has been broken because of this court decision. Moreover, Martin Luther King, Jr., asserted that the court ruling was a blissful daybreak after a long and bleak midnight (KNEA, 2003). However, on the other hand, there were influential voices rising, full of hate and promises of aggression (KNEA, 2003). According to Herman Talmage, provided that he is governor of the sovereign State of essay on the of population discussed the tendency, Georgia, there will be no integration of the races. Then Marvin Griffin, Talmage’s successor, threatened to summon the National Guard, Boy Scout troops, State Patrol, and even the School Boy patrol to avert the integration of the wireless usb research races in classrooms.

The Mandate of Desegregation. The court decision on Brown was promptly and correctly recognized as testing, not on social science information, but on the belief that all racial discrimination done by help with paper government is wireless, forbidden. It was this thought that gave it overpowering strength and ultimately acceptance; nobody, before or at present, desired explicitly to oppose the belief. In any case, it is certain that it was because of this belief that Congress passed the famous Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Graglia, 1996). Barriers To Effective Communication. In effect, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 endorsed and made effective the Brown nondiscrimination opinion and extended it not just to discrimination in all federally supported activities but also even to public accommodations and private discrimination in wireless employment. Even though the Court was bold enough to come up with the Brown ruling, nullifying the fundamental social arrangement of 21 states, it was not bold enough to malthus's on the principle, try to implement it against disobedient states (Graglia, 1996).

It was extremely doubtful that the president and Congress would collaborate; certainly, there was basis to be apprehensive that Congress would undertake steps to restrain the Court. In any case, it was obvious that the Southern states had the whole answer to Brown in that they could just end free public education, as they had previously taken steps to do, which would have made Brown a tragedy for the blacks it was intended to assist and support. According to paper, Graglia (1996), however, with the 1964 Civil Rights Act, the president and Congress joined the Court and on increase made Brown effective and enforceable. Wireless. From then on, school segregation promptly ended; children were no longer anywhere enrolled to schools by means of race. Moreover, racial discrimination was now considered an infringement of essays, federal law in practically all spheres of public life. Thus, it can be said that the Brown nondiscrimination rule had totally triumphed. However, the story of race and the schools and of all other racial matters ever since the 1964 Civil Rights Act is an almost unbelievable story of how this success was transformed into a tragedy.

In maybe the strangest case in point of wireless, judicial misconduct in the history of law, the courts stood the Brown ruling and the 1964 Civil Rights act on their heads, making them contrary to what they were intended to be (Graglia, 1996). The civil rights creation that had grown and flourished in the struggle to put a stop to segregation and other racial discrimination was not ready to split up just because its ends had been attained. Moral victories are less possible to create restful satisfaction than a pursuit for further great deeds to be carried out. Majority agrees that the Court had done a great thing in coming up with the Brown decision, and certainly there were still greater things that, as a consequence, it would now be able to to effective communication, do. Despite the fact that school segregation ended in the South; however, school racial separation, certainly, remained to exist, just as it had at usb research paper, all times existed in the schools of the West and North that had never been separated by barriers communication essay law (Moss, 2004).

Thus, to civil rights professionals, Brown immediately came to be considered less as a success than as a failure. Children were no longer prohibited from schools by way of race, and racial discrimination was banned in general, but the cry nevertheless went up that nothing had occurred. Usb Research. If forbidding discrimination would not create integrated schools and quick black progress on the whole, the apparent next step for the civil rights professionals was to to wrie a research, create integration by wireless usb research means of legal fiat. Nevertheless, compulsory school racial integration would denote a return to racial discrimination in assignment and consequently, it would appear, an abandonment of on increase, Brown and the 1964 Civil Rights Act (Graglia, 1996). Open abandonment was clearly improbable, for several reasons. After several years of persisting that all racial discrimination done by government was constitutionally forbidden, the Court could barely abruptly declare that it was not just occasionally allowable, in any case, but even required. Ruling out segregation could be rationalized as a ban of racial discrimination, but on what probable grounds could obligatory integration, requiring racial discrimination, be rationalized?

Was Brown Really A Great Decision for wireless paper, Public Schools? The petitioner in malthus's essay discussed the Brown case charged a school board, not a public park commission, although such facilities were segregated as well. But within the private sector, discrimination was persistent. However, nowadays, we can notice evident growth toward racial equality in usb research paper recreation programs, parks, communications, politics, commerce, and industry but not in schools. The paradox is all the greater, inasmuch as the Supreme Court, in making the Brown decision, banned merely school segregation–on the shaky grounds that such segregation damaged the hearts and minds of help with paper, African American children (Peterson, 2004). However, at a time when the workplace is frequently racially diverse than not, Brown’s educational effects continue to be unsure (Peterson, 2004).

On the wireless positive aspect, the majority of help with paper, school areas have become as incorporated as city demographics permit. Wireless Paper. However, the price paid for this integration has been certainly high–involuntary busing that divided schools from communities and families; white flight; big, difficult-to-manage school grounds; and essay lowered prospects for students of all social upbringing. But what is distressing is that the performance of African American students has remained to trail that of white students. Even though the gap got thinner in the 1980s, it increased again in the 1990s, a period when the ideals of Brown must have been steadfastly established (Peterson, 2004). According to Peterson (2004), there are opposing views on racism. On the one hand, conventional liberals hold the politicians responsible for insufficient funding or society for its enduring, if now hidden, racism. Yet, money has hardly ever bought educational progress, and one will have a hard time rationalizing the existence of racism in schools when it is on the wane somewhere else.

On the other hand, conventional conservatives are more likely to hold the victim responsible, insinuating that the wireless usb research child-rearing customs of the African American family are the main reason. However, the differences in white and black achievement are least among preschoolers–the age at which family pressures are marked and help with paper school influence nil. Meanwhile, learning is better promoted when schools set boundaries that detach classroom life from the street-culture opiates. Since good private schools have uncovered this secret, African American students who go to wireless, these schools are much more probable than their public school peers to essay student, finish college. Regrettably, several people still oppose school preference on the basis that African American families are excessively ill-informed to wireless usb research paper, choose good schools.

However, knowledge, commitment, and interest will come as expected to all parents, once preference is made available. To declare otherwise is tremendously racist. Definitely, school preference is the civil rights issue of our time (Peterson, 2004). Realistically, we can say that Brown pushed open the doors of opportunity for essay student suicides, democratic and citizenship rights that helped introduce the Black political and social movements of the periods 1950s, ’60s, and ’70s (Orfield and Chungmei, 2004). The Brown decision produced a feeling of pride and unity amongst minority groups. These minority groups were able to realize that they had a right to be in college and to usb research, be respected and treated with dignity. These days, there are a lot of minorities who have taken advantage of a college education compared to those in the past, and diversity is ethics, inherent to nearly all mission statement in wireless paper higher education. However, tomorrow if we are to be truthfully diversified in suicides higher education, we should recognize that diversity is basically justice and liberty.

Indeed, it is an objective worth making sacrifices for (Clark, 2004) Furthermore, numerous sectors of society, consisting of wireless paper, education, political, civic, business, and religious are pausing to recognize the Brown ruling and what it has intended as a historical marker for our country. The Brown decision established a societal shift, the consequences of barriers to effective essay, which are still being felt to this very moment. Moreover, there are now widespread efforts create unitary schools systems where each child is given an wireless equal educational opportunity and is not deprived of this chance as a consequence of his or her race, national origin, or color. The concern here is that despite the fact that there have been numerous improvements in public education, the essay on increase obesity guarantee of Brown has not yet been accomplished (Flake, 1997). According to Robledo Montecel (2003) and others (Orfield and Chungmei, 2004; Cortez and Robledo Montecel, 2004) there are several means in which the guarantee of wireless usb research, equal educational opportunity still evades us in practice although the laws are basically in place. One may possibly practically believe that the barriers to effective separateness and duality of public education by usb research class and personal race are a common part of wireless usb research paper, our national nature. If class and help with paper race are such strong determiners of a child’s access to quality education, it tragic at worst, yet nevertheless completely important for the legally-mandated work of the equity assistance centers to paper, carry on. The equity assistance centers were established based on Title IV of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

These equity assistance centers are considered to be the oldest technical assistance unit purposely established to ethics essays, offer technical assistance, consisting of wireless, training to public school systems that are integrating and attempting to become unitary in the spirit of the essays 1954 Brown decision. Irrespective of their name or structure in more than the 40 years of their survival, it is these centers who have sounded the call for paper, excellence for all learners regardless of race, gender, or national origin, equity in access and treatment in public schools, and equal educational opportunity in public education whether the appeal was to barriers to effective communication, develop America’s public schools or to “leave no child behind” (Scott and Cortez, 2000). Due to the Brown decision, the principle of “separate but equal” was dead, and wireless every law commanding segregation by any method was a denunciation of the equal-protection clause. Barriers Communication Essay. The case included an original verdict: it allowed psychological evidence of the detrimental nature of segregation to the self-worth of black children and, consequently, found racially segregated schools unconstitutional without consideration to the objective of the local school board. Wireless Paper. With the help with paper Brown case, the high court gave a blueprint for future application of wireless usb research, desegregation to essay suicides, northern cities with big minority populations, which consistently resided in residentially segregated neighborhoods. It can be concluded that two of the usb research most obvious lessons of the essay on the principle discussed Brown case and the whole civil rights experience are that segregation does not work and attaining desegregation needs clear and wireless usb research paper lasting commitment. Evidence around us confirms that segregation is worse and that there are much better possibilities, not merely for blacks but for white students as well, in desegregated schools. Today, we are not dealing with the malthus's on the principle of population discussed of humans problems the Court confronted during the wireless usb research paper time of Brown.

At these modern times, there are established models of what works. We can see communities and essay obesity whole metropolitan areas that have had experienced tremendous success for more than a few decades. Moreover, there are millions of students who have in fact had desegregated educations. Usb Research. However, we cannot deny the help with paper fact that there are still some traces of segregation in our country, even in usb research paper schools. Thus, there is still so much to be done to fully execute the promise of the Brown decision. Clark, W. (2004). Brown as Personal Narrative. Black Issues in Higher Education . Comtex News Network. (January 13, 2004).

The State of America’s Children 2004: A Continuing Portrait of Inequality 50 Years After Brown vs. Student Suicides. Board of Education. US Newswire via Comtex . Cortez, A., and M. Robledo Montecel. (Fenruaru 2004). Texas at a Crossroads Excellent and Equitable Schools – or Merely Adequate. IDRA Newsletter. San Antonio, Texas: Intercultural Development Research Association. Flake, F. (January 1999). Wireless Usb Research. No Excuses for Failing our Children . Policy Review . Graglia, L. (March-April 1996).

The Triumph and help with paper Defeat of the Nondiscrimination Principle. Society . Kansas National Educational Association. (November 2003). Making Public Schools Great for Every Child. KNEA . Usb Research Paper. Issue 4, Volume 21. Kluger, R. (1976).

The History of Brown vs. Student. Board of Education and Black America’s Struggle for Equality, 1 st ed. New York: Knopf. Knappman, E, (ed.) (1994). Wireless Usb Research Paper. Great American Trials. Detroit: Visible Ink. Moss, O., Jr. (November 2004). Discussed. Brown vs. Board of Education: Celebrating a Half-Century of Hope. USA Today . Orfield, G., and L. Chungmei. (January 2004).

Brown at 50: King’s Dream or Plessy’s Nightmare. Cambridge, Mass.: The Civil Rights Project: Harvard University. Peterson, P. Wireless Usb Research. (September 27, 2004). To Effective. Brown: A Great Decision Except for Schools. National Review . Robledo Montecel, M. (November-December 2003). Fulfilling the Promise of Brown vs. Board of Education. IDRA Newsletter.

San Antonio, Texas: Intercultural Development Research Association. Scott, B., and J.D. Cortez. (September 2000). Equity Challenges Continue. IDRA Newsletter . San Antonio, Texas: Intercultural Development Research Association. Ziegler, B. (ed.) (1958).

Desegregation and the Supreme Court. Boston D.C.: Health and Company. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order The Impact of Brown vs. Wireless Usb Research Paper. Board of of population of humans, Education.

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A Black Police Officer’s Fight Against the N.Y.P.D. Edwin Raymond thought he could change the department from the inside. He wound up the lead plaintiff in a lawsuit brought by 12 minority officers. Wireless Usb Research! By SAKI KNAFO FEB. 18, 2016. E very morning before his shift, Edwin Raymond, a 30-year-old officer in the New York Police Department, ties up his long dreadlocks so they won’t brush against his collar, as the job requires. On Dec. A Research Paper! 7, he carefully pinned them up in a nautilus pattern, buttoned the brass buttons of his regulation dress coat and pulled on wireless usb research a pair of white cotton gloves. He used a lint roller to make sure his uniform was spotless.

In a few hours, he would appear before three of the department’s highest-ranking officials at a hearing that would determine whether he would be promoted to sergeant. He had often stayed up late worrying about help with paper, how this conversation would play out, but now that the wireless usb research paper, moment was here, he felt surprisingly calm. The department had recently announced a push to recruit more men and women like him — minority cops who could help the police build trust among black and Hispanic New Yorkers. But before he could move up in rank, Raymond would have to disprove some of the things people had said about him. Over the past year, Raymond had received a series of increasingly damning evaluations from his supervisors. He had been summoned to the hearing to tell his side of the story. His commanders had been punishing him, he believed, for refusing to comply with what Raymond considered a hidden and ‘‘inherently racist’’ policy. Raymond checked in to the department’s employee-management office in downtown Manhattan.

Three other officers waited there with him, all dressed as though for a funeral or parade, all hoping they would be judged worthy of a promotion and a raise. Help With Paper! One officer had gotten in trouble for pulling a gun on his ex-girlfriend’s partner. ‘‘Everyone was nervous,’’ Raymond says. ‘‘I was the only one who was confident, because I knew I’d done nothing wrong.’’ Hours crawled by. Finally, a sergeant announced that the officials — ‘‘executives,’’ as they’re known in the department — were ready to see them. One by one, the officers entered a conference room. Raymond saluted the executives and stated his name. Usb Research! Then the executives began to speak. Beneath the stiff woolen shell of Raymond’s dress coat, tucked away in barriers to effective his right breast pocket, his iPhone was recording their muffled voices. Over the last two years, Raymond has recorded almost a dozen officials up and down the chain of command in what he says is an attempt to change the daily practices of the New York Police Department.

He claims these tactics contradict the department’s rhetoric about the arrival of a new era of fairer, smarter policing. In August 2015, Raymond joined 11 other police officers in filing a class-action suit on behalf of usb research paper minority officers throughout the force. Personal Ethics Essays! The suit centers on what they claim is wireless paper, one of the essay student, fundamental policies of the New York Police Department: requiring officers to meet fixed numerical goals for arrests and court summonses each month. In Raymond’s mind, quota-based policing lies at the root of almost everything racially discriminatory about policing in wireless New York. Yet the department has repeatedly told the public that quotas don’t exist. Since January 2014, the start of the two-year period during which Raymond made most of his recordings, the department has been led by Police Commissioner William Bratton, who has presided over a decline in summonses and arrests even as crime levels have remained historically low. To Wrie A Research Paper! He has revamped the department’s training strategy and has introduced a new program that encourages officers to spend more time getting to wireless usb research know the to wrie paper, people who live and usb research paper work in the neighborhoods they patrol.

Chief of Department James O’Neill told me that the expectations of officers have changed. ‘‘Whatever arrests we make, whatever summonses we write, I want them connected to the people responsible for the violence and crime,’’ he said. The department is help with paper, now focused on the ‘‘quality’’ of arrests and summonses rather than the ‘‘quantity,’’ he said. Raymond and his fellow plaintiffs will try to prove otherwise. The suit accuses the department of violating multiple laws and statutes, including a 2010 state ban against quotas, and the 14th Amendment, which outlaws racial discrimination. It asks for damages and an injunction against the practice. Although plaintiffs in other cases have provided courts with evidence suggesting the department uses quotas, this is the first time anyone has sued the department for violating the 2010 state ban against wireless usb research paper the practice. A Research! Black and Latino officers have long contributed rare voices of paper dissent within a department that remains predominantly white at its highest levels. Raymond has cultivated a friendship with Eric Adams, a former police captain and the current Brooklyn borough president, who founded, during his time on the force, 100 Blacks in to wrie Law Enforcement Who Care, an organization that advocates for law-enforcement professionals of wireless paper color. Essay! Adams has had a hand in several recent policing reforms. As a state senator, he sponsored the bill that led, in 2010, to the New York ban against quotas for stops, summonses and paper arrests.

Then, in 2013, he joined several current and former minority officers in help with paper testifying against the department in wireless usb research the landmark stop-and-frisk case Floyd v. City of New York, which culminated with a federal judge’s ruling that the department had stopped and searched hundreds of a research thousands of minority New Yorkers in ways that violated their civil rights. Between 2011 and 2013, the publicity surrounding the case prompted the usb research, department to all but abandon the tactic — the number of annual stops fell by more than two-thirds over two years — but, according to Raymond and others, the pressure to personal ethics essays arrest people for minor offenses has not let up. ‘‘Every time I read the paper, I thought, Why do they think the problem is stop-and-frisk?’’ Raymond says. ‘‘Although stop-and-frisk is unlawful, and it’s annoying, you’re not going to wireless usb research paper not get a job because you’ve been stopped and essays frisked,’’ he says. ‘‘You’re going to get denied a job because you have a record.’’ The lawsuit claims that commanders now use euphemisms to sidestep the quota ban, pressuring officers to wireless usb research ‘‘be more proactive’’ or to ‘‘get more activity’’ instead of explicitly ordering them to bring in, say, one arrest and student 10 tickets by the end of the paper, month. ‘‘It’s as if the ban doesn’t exist,’’ Raymond says. Other cops agree. At a Dunkin’ Donuts in Ozone Park, Queens, a black officer who is not involved in the lawsuit (and who, fearing retribution, requested anonymity) spoke at length about the inconsistency between the personal essays, department’s words and actions, her anger building as she spoke, the tea cooling in her cup, until she concluded, bluntly, ‘‘It’s like they’re talking out of their ass and their mouth at the same time.’’ I recently spoke to usb research Daniel Modell, a retired lieutenant who in 2014 testified to the grand jury in the case of Eric Garner, the Staten Island man who was killed during an encounter with the police. To Wrie Paper! Modell, who is white, said the frustration is departmentwide. ‘‘It’s not only black and Hispanic officers,’’ he said. ‘‘The rank and file generally, they’re utterly demoralized and critical of the department. Sign Up for the Magazine Newsletter.

Get the wireless usb research, best of the Magazine delivered to help with paper your inbox every week, including exclusive feature stories, photography, columns and more. An error has occurred. Please try again later. You are already subscribed to wireless usb research this email. ‘‘But they don’t have a voice,’’ he added. ‘‘If they speak out, they get crushed.’’ When I described Raymond to Modell, he told me that he had actually met him. In September 2015, Modell spoke on in childhood a panel at the John Jay College of Criminal Justice.

The topic was ‘‘bridging the wireless usb research paper, gap’’ between minorities and the police. Raymond, who attended the seminar, made an impression. Personal Ethics Essays! ‘‘He’s a good guy,’’ Modell said. ‘‘I could tell by the way he spoke, and the sincerity in his eyes. I wish I could say his career would be a pleasure going forward, but he’s got a tough road ahead.’’ Raymond is not the first police officer to wireless usb research paper record his commanders. Adrian Schoolcraft, who became the to effective communication essay, primary stop-and-frisk whistle-blower, was forcibly admitted into a psychiatric ward for six days after objecting to police practices in 2009. He recorded the whole incident.

One of Raymond’s fellow plaintiffs in the lawsuit, Adhyl Polanco, taped his superiors while complaining about stop-and-frisk and was banished to a desk deep in Brooklyn, two hours from his home. Wireless Usb Research! Look up their names on Thee Rant, an obesity anonymous message board for police officers, and the epithets come pouring forth: ‘‘crybaby,’’ ‘‘rat,’’ ‘‘zero.’’ Even some of Raymond’s closest friends and confidants, people who admire his boldness and vouch for his integrity, have told him, quite frankly, that what he’s doing is nuts. Raymond says he has lost sleep worrying about what might happen, but he can sound contemptuous of those who advise caution. ‘‘Everyone else, they’re just so scared,’’ he says. ‘‘My thing is, never be afraid to do what’s right.’’ Raymond grew up in East Flatbush, a West Indian neighborhood of wood-frame houses and paper brick apartment buildings in Brooklyn. A few blocks from his building was a corner that residents nicknamed ‘‘the front page’’ because of the many murders that ended up in the papers. Raymond remembers stepping over a dead body, blood pooling on the floor of the building lobby, to get to school. His father, a Haitian immigrant who barely finished grade school, managed to keep the kids well fed for a while, but then, when Raymond was 3 and his brother was 4, their mother died of malthus's essay principle of population discussed cancer, and then their father lost his job at a paper factory. He fell into a depression and never worked again.

Raymond and his brother often went to usb research paper bed hungry, a feeling Raymond remembers as ‘‘sadness mixed with a headache.’’ Sometimes a neighbor, Florise, a single mother of two from malthus's essay principle Haiti, gave them something for dinner; Raymond came to see her as an aunt, and Billy Joissin and Melissa Baptiste, her children, as his cousins. Wireless Paper! Other mothers in help with paper the neighborhood occasionally helped care for Raymond. In a very real sense, the wireless paper, neighborhood raised him. Starting at 14, he spent 45 hours a week bagging groceries and stocking shelves after school and on the weekends. Raymond saw what the crack trade had done to personal the neighborhood and wireless wanted no part of it. Essay Obesity! His friends say he had a powerful, even rigid sense of morality, lecturing them about the usb research paper, dangers of drugs and gangs, refusing to try even a puff of ethics essays weed. ‘‘We always tell him he’s different,’’ Baptiste says. Joissin noted wryly that Raymond was ‘‘not afraid to not be popular and to not be liked.’’ His unwavering rectitude kept the gangs from bothering him. Wireless Usb Research! The police, however, were a different story. Essay! ‘‘As soon as I had a little hair on usb research paper my chin, I was getting stopped almost once a week,’’ he says.

One day at a Haitian street fair when he was 16, Raymond ran into to effective essay a family friend who had become a police officer. To Raymond’s surprise, his friend raved about the job — about the benefits and the pension and the possibility of being promoted. Raymond decided to enter the police academy as soon as he was old enough. Usb Research Paper! Even then, he says, he had vague ambitions of becoming a different kind of malthus's principle of population officer — one who would go after actual criminals. Wireless Usb Research! But he mainly saw the essay principle of population the tendency, job as a way to pay the bills. And that’s how he might still see it if, about usb research, three years before he joined the force, a friend hadn’t lent him a copy of ‘‘The Destruction of Black Civilization.’’ The book, a work of obesity Afrocentric history by Chancellor Williams, is wireless usb research paper, a classic of help with paper its genre. Raymond still recalls ‘‘the pride that rushed through your veins’’ as he realized, he says, that the history of black people didn’t begin with slavery. In high school, his work schedule got in the way of usb research his studies, and he had never liked reading. Now he couldn’t get enough of it. He read Malcolm X and Marcus Garvey. Help With Paper! He says he started an email correspondence with Tim Wise, an activist and writer known for his books on critical race theory.

As he read that the slave patrols of two centuries ago had evolved into wireless usb research the police departments of today, it occurred to him that the in childhood obesity, cops who stopped him in his youth weren’t intentionally racist; they were merely complying with the demands of a system that was ‘‘historically rooted in keeping you down.’’ Then, in 2008, he joined the system himself. At first, and for most of his career, Raymond worked out of Transit District 32, the division of the paper, Transit Bureau responsible for policing the Brooklyn sections of the 2 and 3 lines and several other stretches of the subway system. Many of his colleagues spent their time writing tickets or arresting people for ‘‘theft of service’’ — a minor violation better known as turnstile hopping. (From 2008 to 2013, fare-beating arrests shot up to 24,747 from 14,681, according to a 2014 Daily News analysis of public data.) Legally, individual officers have the power to help with paper decide how to deal with certain minor offenses. Some officers, trying to increase their totals of summonses and arrests for the month, hide in bathrooms and closets meant for subway employees, peeking out through vents so they can jump out at anyone foolish or desperate enough to vault the turnstiles. If the wireless usb research paper, offender, typically a teenager, lacks an ID or has a criminal record, the officer can make an arrest. According to a recent analysis by the advocacy group the Police Reform Organization Project, 92 percent of those arrested for theft of service in to effective communication 2015 were black, Hispanic or Asian. Those offenders who aren’t arrested are generally summoned to court to pay a $100 fine. If they fail to wireless paper pay it or forget the court date or miss an communication appearance for wireless usb research, any reason, the judge signs an arrest warrant.

Raymond didn’t hide on the job. At the academy, he says, future officers were trained to barriers to effective communication remain ‘‘present and visible’’ while working in uniform, partly so passengers could find a police officer when they needed one. On Oct. 8, 2015, for example, a group of usb research teenage girls approached Raymond at the Pennsylvania Avenue stop in Brooklyn and personal ethics essays pointed out usb research paper a man who had been following them. Had Raymond been hiding, he says, they might never have found him. Raymond stopped the man, asked him some questions and ultimately arrested him for stalking. ‘‘He does these honorable things,’’ said Willie Lucas, one of the other black officers who worked in Raymond’s district. ‘‘The first time I worked with him, we were doing patrol out in the East New York area. There was a mother, she may have been a teenager, and she was in some kind of distress, crying and to wrie a research paper really upset.

Her baby may have been around 3 or 4 months old. I remember him going to talk to usb research paper her and help her out. He was willing to ride with her to the Bronx, all the way out of his jurisdiction.’’ Raymond didn’t shy away from malthus's on the principle of population the tendency confrontation when it was necessary. While he was still at the academy, the wireless, department awarded him a badge of honor for essay in childhood obesity, breaking up a street fight during one of his lunch breaks, grabbing a metal pipe from one of the usb research paper, brawlers and pinning him to the ground. ‘‘When it’s time to get busy, I get busy,’’ he says. He says he typically stopped about three people a day, mostly for little things like holding the doors at a station. But usually he let them go with a warning. He worried about how an arrest could follow a kid through life. Raymond realized that his supervisors didn’t approve of his approach. Some of them came right out and told him he was dragging down the district’s overall arrest rate, and on the principle of population the tendency said they had been taking heat from their own bosses as a result. In the summer of 2010, a commander stuck him with the weekend shift at Coney Island, the sort of unwanted job that cops call a ‘‘punitive post.’’ Other undesirable assignments followed: sitting around with psychotic prisoners in psychiatric emergency rooms, standing at ‘‘fixed posts’’ on specific parts of subway platforms with orders not to wireless paper move, staring at on increase, video feeds of the tunnels from the confines of an airless booth called ‘‘the box.’’ As the pressures intensified over wireless the next few years, Raymond decided he needed to do something to protect himself — even though it could also put him at greater risk.

Convinced that his supervisors were punishing him unlawfully, and fearing for his reputation, he started to essay suicides record his conversations. The practices that Raymond opposes began as solutions to the problems of another era. In 1994, when William Bratton started his first tour as the wireless paper, head of the malthus's essay on the principle of population discussed the tendency of humans, department, the department was reeling from corruption scandals, and officers were discouraged from usb research paper spending too much time in high-crime neighborhoods, lest they succumb to bribery. In the absence of a strong police presence, drug dealers operated in to wrie a research paper the open, and residents who complained risked incurring their wrath. Crack vials littered schoolyards, and police officers were still ‘‘giving freedom of the streets to the drug dealers, the wireless, gangs, the prostitutes, the drinkers and paper the radio blasters,’’ Bratton later wrote with one of his advisers in wireless usb research the conservative quarterly City Journal. The crack trade in to wrie a research paper East Flatbush was so rampant that Raymond and his brother would fall asleep counting gunshots. Bratton’s solutions to these problems would make him famous. A self-described innovator, he embraced the ‘‘broken windows’’ theory of policing — the idea that the police could cut down on serious crimes by making it clear that even the trivial ones wouldn’t go unpunished. Usb Research Paper! To hold officers accountable to this philosophy, especially in neighborhoods they had once neglected, Bratton tasked a transit lieutenant, Jack Maple, with developing a management system that kept careful track of barriers to effective communication essay arrest and wireless usb research paper crime statistics throughout the city.

The system, called CompStat, short for ‘‘compare statistics,’’ was often credited for the drop in crime that followed. By the time Bratton left New York in 1997, New York’s murder rate had fallen by half. Cities from Chicago to Sydney hired Bratton and his proteges as police chiefs and consultants. Essay! Today, most large American cities use some form of CompStat. Eli Silverman, a police-studies professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, was an wireless paper early apostle. Silverman lauded CompStat in his 1999 book ‘‘N.Y.P.D. Battles Crime,’’ arguing that Comp­Stat did more to reduce crime than any other reform in the department’s 154-year history. The book opens with an anecdote from the transit system: In 1996, a plainclothes officer named Anthony Downing was working in a station on the Lexington Avenue subway line when he arrested a fare beater whose prints were later found at a murder scene. Before the CompStat era, when no one was keeping track of minor offenses, Downing would have had little incentive to stop someone for jumping a turnstile, and the fare beater, it follows, might have gotten away with murder. Silverman still calls himself a CompStat supporter, but by 2001, when he published a second edition of the book, a number of police officers had written to him to to wrie a research say that the ‘‘revolution in blue,’’ as Silverman styled it, wasn’t all it seemed.

Intrigued by usb research paper their claims, Silverman and a fellow criminologist and retired New York Police Department captain, John Eterno, set out to see if they could arrive at a more detailed understanding of how the system worked. In 2008 and help with paper again in wireless usb research 2012, they sent out questionnaires to retired members of the department. More than 2,000 wrote back. Personal Ethics! The results were clear: Officers who had worked during the CompStat era were twice as likely as their predecessors to say that they had been under intense pressure to increase arrests, and three times as likely to say the wireless usb research paper, same about the pressure to increase summonses. In the help with paper, 2000s, as violent crime hit historic lows, Mayor Michael Bloomberg, Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly and other city officials kept pressuring the department to wireless usb research drive the crime rate even lower, an help with paper expectation that became harder and harder to meet. In districtwide CompStat meetings, executives interrogated commanders about their violent-crime statistics. Some commanders tried to protect themselves by underreporting or reclassifying major crimes. Wireless Usb Research Paper! Others tried to show they were being ‘‘proactive’’; invariably this meant more stops, more summonses, more arrests.

Most of this activity took place in minority neighborhoods. Personal Essays! In predominantly black Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, for example, officers issued more than 2,000 summonses a year between 2008 and 2011 to people riding their bicycles on the sidewalk, according to the Marijuana Arrest Research Project, a nonprofit that studies police policy. During the same period, officers gave out an average of eight bike tickets a year in predominantly white and notably bike-friendly Park Slope. All told, between 2001 and usb research 2013, black and Hispanic people were more than four times as likely as whites to receive summonses for minor violations, according to to effective communication essay an analysis by paper the New York Civil Liberties Union. Barriers Communication! Raymond and wireless paper other critics of the program don’t deny that CompStat is useful, or even that it may have helped the department save lives. The question, for them, is how to malthus's on the principle of population discussed the tendency use it. In theory, high-ranking officials could use CompStat or a similar system to track and solve problems in ways that don’t always involve fines or handcuffs. Usb Research! But after more than three decades, the system is deeply entrenched. A captain who requested anonymity for fear of communication essay retaliation told me about a program he had heard of that reduced shoplifting.

But instead of praising the officer who developed it for wireless usb research paper, the drop in arrests, the chief told him to ‘‘get more numbers.’’ That kind of thing happens all the time, he said. ‘‘You don’t get recognized and rewarded for helping a homeless person get permanent housing, but you get recognized for arresting them again and again and again.’’ The first of Raymond’s tapes begins with a warning. In January 2014, Lt. Wei Long, then in his first month at to wrie a research, District 32, confronted Raymond about his relatively low ‘‘activity.’’ Like other supervisors featured in wireless paper the early recordings, he expressed sympathy for Raymond, admitting that the ‘‘department is all about numbers’’ and even acknowledging that this ‘‘sucks.’’ Raymond challenged Long, as he did many of his superiors. ‘‘This is on increase in childhood obesity, people’s lives,’’ he tells a captain on one of the wireless, tapes. ‘‘It’s not a game.’’ As Raymond’s posts and prospects grew worse, he became only more certain that he was in the right. Even as he handed out fewer summonses and made fewer arrests, few serious crimes were reported in principle of population the areas he patrolled, he says. He believed that if he could get out from under the usb research paper, lower-level supervisors, at least some officials at the highest levels of the to wrie a research paper, department would recognize that he was the right kind of wireless usb research paper officer for New York. He decided to try for help with paper, a promotion. In December 2012, he began studying for the exam given to aspiring sergeants. The results of the test, which he took in September 2013, could hardly have been more promising. Out of about 6,000 test takers, just 932 passed, and Raymond placed eighth. Wireless Paper! Changes within the department itself also bolstered his hopes.

On Dec. 5, 2013, Mayor Bill de Blasio, then newly elected, announced that he would be bringing Bratton back for a second tour as commissioner, saying, ‘‘He is going to bring police and community back together.’’ Critics questioned whether the architect of CompStat was right for help with paper, the job. But de Blasio, an unabashed progressive, had run on a platform that included reforming stop-and-frisk, and wireless paper Bratton had espoused his commitment to that goal, saying he would unite the police and the public ‘‘in a collaboration of essay on increase in childhood obesity mutual respect and mutual trust.’’ In a video shown to the officers at their roll call, Bratton promised to focus on ‘‘the quality of police actions, with less emphasis on their numbers and more emphasis on our actual impact.’’ A month into his term, Bratton began enlisting teams of thinkers from on and off the force to brainstorm ideas for improving the usb research paper, department. Oliver Pu-Folkes, a black captain who had met Raymond through a mutual friend and essay on the of population discussed of humans had been impressed, appointed Raymond to a team focused on building relationships in black and Hispanic communities. Usb Research Paper! Raymond was the lone rank-and-file officer asked to participate.

That fall, inspired by the work, he and a friend formed an a research paper organization of their own, PLOT (Preparing Leaders of Tomorrow), offering mentorship services to black teenagers in Brooklyn. That summer, two unarmed black men, Michael Brown and Garner, died in high-profile incidents involving white police officers. A wave of wireless paper protests spread through the country, and to wrie a research paper President Obama, responding to the public outcry, lamented the usb research, ‘‘simmering distrust that exists between too many police departments and too many communities of color.’’ A Justice Department official who had heard about ethics essays, PLOT invited Raymond and his partner to wireless paper attend a conference on race and essay policing in Washington. Wireless Paper! After so many years of being ignored or, as he saw it, punished for ethics, his ideas, Raymond was suddenly at paper, the center of help with paper a conversation of wireless paper national importance. He allowed himself to imagine that his problems at work would soon be over. Three days after Raymond returned from the capital, his immediate supervisor, Martin Campbell, said he wanted to see him in his office. Raymond felt that something wasn’t right.

Raymond had previously gotten the impression that Campbell, a black sergeant from Trinidad, privately deplored the constant push for numbers, but he also believed that Campbell, who had been in his position for only a year, was under the same pressure to deliver the numbers as everyone else. Fearing another punitive assignment, Raymond waited for Campbell to step into the office. He took out his phone and turned on essay student suicides an audio-recording app, then slid the phone back into his pocket. In his office, Campbell gestured toward his computer screen. Raymond saw that the sergeant had given him something called an interim evaluation. Officers typically receive four quarterly evaluations a year plus an annual every January, but in exceptional circumstances, supervisors will sometimes write an additional report, usually as a way of signaling to usb research the command that the officer was caught doing something egregious, even committing a crime. Just getting one of these reports was bad enough. To Wrie Paper! Now Raymond saw that out of a maximum score of five, he had received only a 2.5, an abysmal grade.

A score that low could block his promotion or lead to his being fired. On the recording, Campbell sounds as unhappy about the evaluation as Raymond. He insists that his direct superior told him what to paper write, and ethics suggests that she, in turn, did so under orders from her own supervisor, Natalie Maldonado, the district commander. Wireless! Although Raymond hadn’t yet heard of the essay obesity, lawsuit, he knew about other officers who had sued the department or had testified against it in court, among them Adrian Schoolcraft, whose secret recordings of his commanders were detailed in wireless usb research paper a five-part series in The Village Voice in 2010. A Research Paper! Raymond knew his recordings wouldn’t carry much weight unless he got his supervisors to call the banned practice by name. Wireless Usb Research! ‘‘What is the issue with me?’’ he asked Campbell. ‘‘Just the activity, the quota?’’ Campbell laughed. On Increase In Childhood Obesity! ‘‘What do you think, bro?’’ ‘‘Man,’’ Raymond said. ‘‘Honestly, what do you think?’’ ‘‘But it has to be more,’’ Raymond said, ‘‘because technically, when it comes to numbers — ’’ ‘‘No, no, no,’’ Campbell said. ‘‘There’s not more. That’s it .’’ And yet that wasn’t it — at least, Raymond didn’t think so. There were other officers in the district, not many, but some, whose numbers were even lower than his. ‘‘You really want me to tell you what I think it is?’’ Campbell asked. ‘‘Of course, because I need to understand this.’’ ‘‘You’re a young black man with dreads. Very smart, very intelligent, have a loud say, meaning your words is loud.

You understand what I’m saying by usb research paper that?’’ ‘‘I never seen anything like this, bro,’’ Campbell said. Raymond filed an appeal of his evaluation right away, but before it could make its way to Maldonado’s desk, she was transferred out of the Transit Bureau to student a more coveted post. Wireless Usb Research! It was around this time, in the summer of help with paper 2015, that Raymond heard about the wireless paper, lawsuit, which had just been filed. To Wrie A Research Paper! Until then, Raymond had felt alone. Now that he knew there were other officers on his side — officers who were willing to take a stand — he felt obligated to contribute his voice, and his tapes. He still wanted to believe he could rise within the department, so he signed on quietly. Other than a few friends and his fellow plaintiffs, no one knew he had joined the suit, and no one, other than the lawyer, knew about his recordings. By July 2015, Constantin Tsachas had become commander of Raymond’s district. According to Raymond, Tsachas hadn’t even moved all his boxes into paper the office when he began occupying himself with the problem of what do about the uncooperative officer in essay on increase his command. On Aug. 3, Campbell told Raymond he had gotten a call from Tsachas at home. ‘‘I was already convinced that they didn’t want you to get promoted,’’ Campbell says on the recording. ‘‘Well, it’s clearer to me now.’’ Campbell says Tsachas told him to write yet another brutal interim evaluation, this time dropping Raymond’s grade from a 2.5 to a two.

Tsachas also told him to rewrite Raymond’s annual evaluation for 2014. Tsachas would later tell Raymond that the wireless, original version, which Campbell gave Raymond at the start of 2015, was never finalized. While the help with paper, original evaluation, as Raymond remembers it, criticized him for his supposedly low ‘‘activity,’’ the new one appeared to paper have been scrubbed of any language that could be recognized as code for failing to meet a quota. It was also harsher. Raymond was portrayed as lazy and help with paper dimwitted, incapable of carrying out even the most basic duties of an officer. Wireless Paper! It claimed he ‘‘does not demonstrate any ability to make sound conclusions,’’ does ‘‘not take any initiative’’ and ‘‘needs constant supervision.’’ (The New York Police Department declined to suicides comment on the specifics related to Raymond’s case.) Raymond filed another appeal. In October, he sat down with Tsachas in his office, accompanied by Campbell, a third supervisor and a union delegate, Gentry Smith. Once again, Raymond’s phone was recording.

The meeting lasted an wireless usb research paper hour. Raymond spoke about help with paper, his work on Bratton’s brainstorming group and his visit to Washington, and he argued that the evaluation misrepresented him. In several ways, Raymond asked Tsachas to explain what he had done wrong; in several ways, Tsachas avoided saying anything explicit about Raymond’s numbers. Wireless Usb Research Paper! More than once, Tsachas told Raymond he needed to be ‘‘proactive.’’ ‘‘So what’s the definition of malthus's essay on the principle of population the tendency ‘proactive’?’’ Raymond asked. ‘‘You know what ‘proactive’ is,’’ Tsachas said. About halfway through the meeting, Tsachas began losing patience. ‘‘I’m here for, like, half an hour, and you’re playing with words.’’ Raymond kept pressing him. Finally, Tsachas said something more pointed. ‘‘I’m not saying lock up anybody ,’’ Tsachas said. ‘‘If you come in with some stuff — let’s say, female, Asian, 42, no ID, locked up for T.O.S.’’ — theft of wireless service — ‘‘that’s not gonna fly.’’ As Raymond interpreted it, Tsachas was suggesting that he focus on arresting blacks and Latinos, as opposed to Asians or whites. ‘‘The 14th Amendment says we have to be impartial,’’ he said. Tsachas began trying to clarify his statement. ‘‘It didn’t come out the way it’s supposed to,’’ he said. He went on to talk about student, ‘‘no IDs’’ and wireless low-level arrests. According to Raymond, Smith, who is black, screwed up his face in help with paper disgust. The room fell quiet. ‘‘I have to say I forgive you guys,’’ Raymond said. ‘‘This is bigger than even you guys.

This is coming from up there.’’ ‘‘I’m not gonna lie, man,’’ Raymond told me one fall afternoon in his apartment shortly after that meeting. ‘‘I know I’m doing what’s right, and what’s right and what’s smart have always been the same to me, but when I got that 2.5 I was no longer sure that what I’m doing is smart. I was months away from usb research paper being promoted. Once you’re promoted, you will never be asked to to wrie meet a quota again.’’ He paused for a moment, then said: ‘‘They expect you to pass on wireless usb research paper that pressure instead.’’ Raymond lives in a one-bedroom apartment in communication essay a new building in East Flatbush, near where he grew up. On the walls were paintings and photographs of Malcolm X and Haile Selassie; on the shelves were books by Marcus Garvey and Ta-Nehisi Coates. On a side table sat a carved wooden sculpture of a warrior blowing into a conch shell: During Haiti’s war for independence, slaves used conch shells to warn one another of danger and for calls to battle. Billy Joissin, his childhood friend, was sitting at a kitchen counter overlooking the living room. ‘‘We grew from usb research paper not having nothing,’’ he said to Raymond, clearly worried about him. ‘‘Don’t slide back into a research poverty.’’ Raymond said he didn’t see what he was doing as a choice. His insistence on wireless usb research paper always doing what he believed to be right had allowed him to survive a precarious childhood. Personal Ethics Essays! ‘‘If I’d done what was popular in those surroundings, I would have never been a police officer,’’ he told me. ‘‘I was surrounded by guns and drugs — and I was surrounded by paper guns and drugs while I didn’t eat for two days.’’ Despite everything, Raymond still wanted to essays believe he might somehow have a future in the force. Usb Research! He found it hard to malthus's on the of population discussed of humans imagine that the department’s leaders would reject him just because of his lower numbers. ‘‘Everything I do points to a job well done,’’ he said. Any week now, he expected the administration to begin promoting officers from his class.

Through October and November, he waited for the call. Finally, in early December, the promotions were announced. Among those promoted was Kenneth Boss, one of the usb research paper, four officers who fired 41 shots at Amadou Diallo, an unarmed Guinean immigrant, in 1999, hitting him 19 times and killing him. But Raymond’s name wasn’t on the list. Instead, he was summoned to essay principle discussed of humans the hearing with the usb research, executives to explain his situation.

He brought along a sheaf of essay documents, including a form letter from Bratton from July 28, 2015, thanking him for his participation in the brainstorming sessions and eight letters of recommendation from people inside and outside the usb research paper, department. Avram Bornstein, co-director of the help with paper, Police Leadership Program at John Jay, where Raymond had taken courses, called him an ‘‘outstanding example of leadership,’’ noting his ‘‘strong moral character and his intellectual acumen.’’ Oliver Pu-Folkes, the paper, captain who asked him to join Bratton’s brainstorming sessions, compared him to to wrie paper Galileo, ‘‘who was sent to the Inquisition for affirming that the earth was a sphere.’’ Before stepping into the room, Raymond pressed record and found a spot for his phone in his dress blues. The officials sat at wireless usb research paper, the other end of the essay on increase, table: James Secreto, chief of housing; Thomas Galati, chief of intelligence; and Michael Julian, deputy commissioner of personnel. Julian, the first to speak, began in a way Raymond didn’t quite expect. Wireless Usb Research Paper! ‘‘I want to hire a thousand of you,’’ he said. He hadn’t conjured that exact number out of thin air. Julian, who is white, had recently been assigned the essay, task of coordinating the recruitment of 1,000 black officers. That summer, the 57 black men and 25 black women who graduated from the academy represented less than 10 percent of the graduating class — the lowest percentage of black graduates in 20 years. In an interview with The Guardian, Bratton blamed the scarcity of paper black recruits on the prevalence of criminal records in black neighborhoods. Too many of the city’s black men had ‘‘spent time in jail and, as such, we can’t hire them,’’ The Guardian quoted him as saying. Personal Essays! (Bratton later said the usb research, newspaper took the quote out of essay on the of population context.) Along with the other executives at the hearing, Julian had already reviewed Raymond’s documents. He noted that Raymond had called in sick only once in seven years. Wireless! ‘‘You don’t get sick,’’ he said, his voice rising with enthusiasm. ‘‘There’s a lot of good about you.’’ Then the conversation shifted.

Looking over Raymond’s arrest numbers, Julian asked if Raymond had anything against arresting dangerous suspects. Raymond assured him he didn’t. ‘‘Coming from essay suicides a very tough community, high crime, being born and raised in the crack era, I unfortunately witnessed horrible acts,’’ he said. ‘‘These people need to be locked up, and we need to use whatever resources we have to do so.’’ He continued in this vein for another two minutes before Chief Galati cut him off. ‘‘Can we back up for wireless usb research, one second?’’ Galati asked. ‘‘Tell me why your evaluations are continually poor.’’ Raymond mentioned his direct supervisor, Sergeant Campbell. ‘‘He wasn’t comfortable with those evaluations,’’ Raymond said. Galati: ‘‘Is it a personal thing between you and him?’’ Raymond: ‘‘I have a great relationship with Sergeant Campbell.’’ Secreto: ‘‘So it’s his boss?’’ Julian: ‘‘You don’t have the personal essays, numbers?’’ Raymond: ‘‘The numbers?’’ Julian: ‘‘You don’t have the numbers?’’ After years in the department, Julian could most likely imagine what a commander might say to a lower-ranking supervisor who wasn’t getting high-enough numbers from one of his officers. ‘‘The commander says, ‘You gotta do it like this,’ ’’ he mused. ‘‘ ‘You gotta put him down for low initiative, low drive, passive.’ ’’ He acknowledged that Raymond didn’t fit that description. ‘‘You don’t seem like a passive person,’’ he said. ‘‘You look like a guy I’d want walking through the train when I’m on paper the train.’’ Raymond thanked him. ‘‘I’m at service to the public at essay in childhood obesity, all times,’’ he said. ‘‘We are oathbound to serve them, and this is usb research, what I do every day.’’ Raymond saluted, left the building and drove to Queens to meet a friend. ‘‘I didn’t want to be alone,’’ he told me. At some point that day, the executives would decide whether his service was good enough to student warrant a promotion. Bratton himself would review their recommendation and sign off by the end of the wireless usb research paper, week. On Dec. 10, a sergeant from the employee-management division called Raymond: He hadn’t been promoted. According to the sergeant, the executives would revisit the decision in six months.

In the help with paper, meantime, he would be transferred out of the subway system to wireless usb research the 77th Precinct in Crown Heights, Brooklyn. He didn’t look forward to this change of scenery. He knew two other officers in the 77th. They were fellow plaintiffs. On Increase Obesity! When Raymond called me with the wireless paper, news, he was furious. He spoke of being disappointed in Bratton, who had talked so compellingly about changing the department. Personal! ‘‘I was foolish enough to believe him,’’ he said. He also mentioned Sergeant Campbell, who he said had refused to provide him with a letter of recommendation to show the executives. When I reached Campbell at paper, home, he said he had in fact written a letter of recommendation for Raymond but decided not to essay on increase send it. ‘‘I have to protect myself and my job and paper my family,’’ he said. Essay Principle Of Humans! Campbell described Raymond as a ‘‘good person’’ and added that he thought he could be a ‘‘valuable’’ member of the department.

But he disagreed with his methods of trying to bring about reform. ‘‘There’s a lot of guys in the department, even I and wireless supervisors and barriers to effective other guys, who would like to see things change,’’ he said. ‘‘But it doesn’t change like that. It doesn’t change overnight.’’ Last month, Bratton wrote in a Daily News op-ed that the police department has managed to wireless usb research keep crime down even as it has ‘‘cut back hugely on enforcement encounters with citizens.’’ This would seem to to wrie suggest that the approach to policing long practiced by Raymond is both effective and, in Bratton’s eyes, admirable. In January, the city’s legal department filed a motion asking a judge to dismiss the plaintiffs’ charge that the department is violating the wireless paper, quota ban, along with several other claims. A judge is expected to rule on this in the next two months. Student Suicides! If the case, Raymond v. City of New York, proceeds, his recordings will most likely be entered into wireless usb research evidence. The whole proceeding could take years. But Raymond says that he will not stop pressing, even if it means trying to take the case all the way to the Supreme Court. He claims he will never settle unless the department changes its practices. Student Suicides! ‘‘There’s no amount they could pay me to paper make me stop fighting,’’ he said. On the day he received the help with paper, bad news about usb research paper, his promotion, we met at a health-food place in Crown Heights.

Over a tempeh B.L.T., he talked about his hopes for the lawsuit; it was clear he had lost faith in his ability to change things from inside the department. After a while, his thoughts turned to barriers to effective essay his neighbors in East Flatbush — how they had protected him as a child, how he had tried to protect and serve them in turn. He looked away and gave a short, exasperated laugh. ‘‘An officer who hides in a room, peeking through a hole in wireless usb research a vent, is help with paper, more supervisor material than me.’’ He shook his head. ‘‘This is the system,’’ he said, ‘‘and it needs to change.’’ Saki Knafo is a reporting fellow with the Investigative Fund at the Nation Institute. He has written for New York Magazine, GQ and Travel and wireless Leisure. A Research! Sign up for wireless paper, our newsletter to get the best of barriers to effective communication The New York Times Magazine delivered to your inbox every week.

A version of this article appears in wireless usb research print on personal essays February 21, 2016, on Page MM50 of the usb research paper, Sunday Magazine with the headline: The Education of help with paper Edwin Raymond. Paper! Today's Paper | Subscribe. We#8217;re interested in your feedback on this page. On Increase In Childhood Obesity! Tell us what you think.

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