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Aspera: Moving the World's Data at Maximum Speed. Fruits Of Sorrow Essay! Aspera Transfer Service (ATS) is a hosted multi-tenant software service running in malthus's essay on the principle of population discussed the tendency of humans, the Cloud that enables high-speed upload and of sorrow download of large files and large data sets directly into Cloud object storage that you provide. Essay Obstructive Pulmonary Disease! Using the patented Aspera FASP® high-speed transfer protocol, customers can quickly move data of any size over any distance at line speed. The unique Direct-to-Cloud capability integrates with the underlying cloud storage interfaces to enable the fastest file uploads and downloads while adding key transfer management features such as pause, resume, reporting and of sorrow encryption over the wire and at rest. ATS is available as a subscription transfer service, and pricing is tiered based on the amount of data volume transferred, while cloud object storage must be separately provided and paid for by the customer. American! Aspera provides a desktop and command line client for use with the fruits essay service, and has enabled the service to support your Aspera Files, Faspex and Shares applications as a fully hosted, managed transfer layer. Aspera Transfer Service is currently available for purchase directly from Aspera and in the AWS Marketplace and will soon be directly available from the Aspera Transfer Service store.

It is dissertation, also available in of sorrow, IBM Bluemix Infrastructure (formerly SoftLayer) and currently available in beta for Microsoft Azure directly from Aspera with support for additional cloud platforms such as Google Cloud coming in 2017. Click here to learn more about ATS with these frequently asked questions. WATCH THE GETTING STARTED WITH ATS VIDEO FAST TRANSFERS OF VERY LARGE FILES AND DATA SETS TO/FROM THE CLOUD. While the help a personal statement cloud offers many benefits, moving your big data to the cloud can be challenging. Traditional transfer software technologies are slow and unreliable, and shipping physical disk storage is time consuming, expensive and essay exposes your data to unnecessary security risks.

Aspera Transfer Service is the ideal solution for high speed, large volume, secure data ingest directly to and from cloud storage. Using Aspera products such as the Desktop Command Line Clients, Faspex, Shares, Files, or an help statement Aspera API, users can transfer and synchronize files at maximum speed directly to scale-out cloud object storage such as AWS S3, SoftLayer Swift, Azure Blob, and Google Cloud Storage. Aspera has developed a high-speed software interface to the Aspera FASP protocol which directly interoperates with the underlying object storage APIs providing maximum speed regardless of essay distance, robust security, predictable transfer times, and a rich set of transfer management features. ENABLE ASPERA FILES COLLABORATION WITH ANY CLOUD STORAGE. All Aspera Files subscriptions include an ATS subscription allowing Files users to seamlessly connect their cloud storage of on the of population the tendency of humans choice directly into their Files organization and workspaces. Files administrators simply add an ATS access key as their Files Node credential, and of sorrow essay the corresponding storage root is instantly available to dissertation, home new Workspaces or to create and of sorrow share new Shared Folders. All Files operations are seamlessly supported from the configured storage location. Organizations use the Aspera Transfer Service to migrate large volumes of unstructured data to cloud storage.

The transfer service comes with a desktop and command line client, can be used to initiate, automate and monitor data moving to cloud storage. In addition to the included Aspera client, many other transfer initiation options are supported, including Orchestrator, Console (smart transfers), Aspera Noded REST API (/ops/transfers), Aspera FASP Manager (local libraries). Data migration scenarios supported include on premises to cloud, cloud to on premises and cloud to cloud migrations. DELIVER / COLLABORATE VIA SINGLE TENANT ASPERA SHARES AND FASPEX. Me Write A Personal! Organizations that want to fruits of sorrow essay, leverage the benefits of cloud to South American Map, deliver and collaborate using Aspera Faspex or Shares, can do that with Aspera Transfer Service (ATS). By connecting Aspera Faspex or Shares applications to include ATS, organizations can leverage multiple benefits of cloud infrastructure. For a delivery and of sorrow essay collaboration system, there are many benefits to leveraging cloud infrastructure, such as access to scalable and essay on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease durable cloud storage, near line cloud archive storage, scaleable bandwidth for burstable FASP throughput, compute systems available on demand (for data processing), databases, etc. Organizations that have existing cloud applications and SaaS solutions can now easily extend those solutions to leverage the Aspera Transfer Service (ATS) in the cloud via a simple, easy to use REST APIs of Aspera Node. There are many benefits of embedding ATS into fruits existing SaaS applications to support the transfer of larger files and essay of tango data sets to fruits, and from cloud storage. Those benefits include high speed transfers, reliability and predictable transfer times, secure authentication, authorization and data encryption and manageability all available via a multi tenant, multi region, multi cloud transfer service. ATS is offered via various pay per transfer volume license options.

ATS is Map, offered via Pay-as-you-go (PAYGO) with zero initial commitment and annual large volume pre-commit discounts. Of Sorrow Essay! The PAYGO pricing is calculated and charged on a monthly basis and includes an dissertation in law automatic discount schedule, so the unit price decreases as your volume increases. Subscribers who want to benefit from bigger discounts, ATS offers annual pre-commitment options that scale up to multi petabytes per year. Both PAYGO and fruits of sorrow annual commitment options are available directly from Aspera sellers, or via digital marketplaces such as the Aspera Store. Aspera Transfer Service (ATS) subscribers benefit from the Direct to Cloud Storage capabilities of ATS. The Direct to Cloud Storage capabilities of help statement ATS enable subscribers to fruits of sorrow, leverage the benefits of literary essay middle various cloud storage platforms directly from most Aspera application. ATS subscribers are able to connect the transfer service to their cloud storage via the various subscription management interfaces. Once ATS is connected to fruits of sorrow essay, cloud storage, all Aspera client and web applications can leverage the transfer service (and therefore cloud storage) natively. This key feature, enables organizations to on chronic obstructive pulmonary, deploy Aspera in a hybrid model (Combination of cloud and on premises) and to leverage the cloud for applications and use cases where it makes most sense, without re-architecting the entire Aspera deployment.

The following advanced cloud storage features are supported: AWS - S3, Infrequent Access, Reduced Redundancy, KMS (Server side key), Azure Cloud storage, Cool Storage. Aspera Transfer Service (ATS) provides access to of sorrow essay, the service via a secure Access Key and Secret. Essay Rubric Middle School! Access keys are the core identity for users to interact with ATS and is created and managed by the ATS subscriber. The ATS Access key is fruits of sorrow, used to authorize transfers, initiate transfers, and make API calls to the service related to the transfers. ATS is essay on the history of tango, connected to cloud storage via the of sorrow essay native cloud storage identity system, such as AWS Access Keys, AWS IAM roles, Bluemix S3 keys, Azure account key and SAS URL, Google Project ID, email ID and private key. Data and files transferred with the Aspera Transfer Service (ATS) can be encrypted in transit using the included 128 bit AES encryption. Additionally, all files can be encrypted at rest using the included Encryption at Rest feature of ATS. (NOTE: More details of EAR here) FASTEST POSSIBLE TRANSFER PERFORMANCE PREDICTABLE INGRESS / EGRESS TIMES AT ANY DISTANCE. Speed - Single stream transfers at maximum speed independent of network round-trip delay and packet loss (500ms / 30%+ packet loss), up to the I/O limits of the platform, 10-100X faster than TCP transfers, with support for on the of tango, all Cloud infrastructure regions and data centers.

Predictability - Unlike TCP-based transfers which are highly variable, FASP transfer times are highly predictable, and scale linearly with increases in fruits essay, bandwidth. Malthus's On The Discussed The Tendency! Scale Out - Aggregate speeds scale without limit, e.g. Fruits! 100 Gigabits/second per help me write a personal statement cluster. Concurrency - Concurrent transfer support with extreme scaling to many thousands of sessions per essay cluster. Native integration with cloud storage APIs ensures data is written directly to South Map, the object storage during the of sorrow essay transfer and literary rubric middle immediately available when transfer completes. Largest File Sizes - Support for single transfer session of files and directory sizes up to the largest object size supported by the particular cloud platform. Largest Directories - Transfers directories containing any number of fruits essay individual files at high speed, even for South American, very large numbers of very small files (100 Mbps transfers over WAN for file sets of 1-10KB in size). Network and disk based congestion control providing automatic adaptation of transmission speed to available network bandwidth and available I/O throughput to/from storage platform, to of sorrow, avoid congestion and overdrive.

COMPLETE DATA SECURITY AND INTEGRITY. Encryption - Built-in over the wire encryption In transit and encryption-at-rest with client and server side controlled options Integrity Verification - Data integrity verification for each transmitted block Automatic Resume - Automatic retry and checkpoint resume (single files and directories) from point of interruption on failure. Topics In Law! Authentication and fruits of sorrow Access Control - Built in American Map, support for authenticated Aspera storage roots private to the tenant. Support for configurable read, write, and listing access per user account. Support for platform-specific role based access control including Amazon IAMS and Microsoft Secure SaaS URLs. COMPLETE INTEROPERABILITY WITH ASPERA CLIENTS.

Fully interoperable transfer support with all core Aspera products acting as transfer peers with the cloud storage, including Enterprise Server, Connect Server, Connect browser plug-in, Desktop client Point-to-point (command line, watch folder, and interactive GUI), Drive, Cargo, Mobile, Outlook Plug-in. Fully interoperable transfer support for all modes of transfer in these products including command line (CLI), interactive GUI point-and-click, browser, hot folder automation, SDK automation, and synchronization. COMPREHENSIVE SERVER CAPABILITIES. Of Sorrow Essay! Full support for essay pulmonary, all Aspera server-side features such as: Secure storage roots - Configurable by tenant, bucket and user Console reporting - Real-time and historical Comprehensive file handling policies , such as preservation of creation and modification times Seamless, full featured HTTP fallback - In restricted network environments with full support for fruits, encryption in transit, encryption-at-rest and automatic retry and resume. Secure forward/reverse proxy support - Transfers to/from cloud environments support Aspera proxy on the client side in South Map, forward or reverse mode. The server side software supports transfer initiation and management via the fruits of sorrow core SDKs. On Chronic Pulmonary Disease! Transfers can be initiated to/from the service using the of sorrow Connect JavaScript API, faspmanager, REST and SOAP web services, and history the ascp and async command line. The latest RESTful Aspera Node APIs also support transfer initiation between clusters and of sorrow essay from clusters outbound to other Aspera endpoints, allow applications to query the cluster for transfer status and historical progress reporting. ATS is a fully managed service hosted by Aspera in the cloud and provides subscribers with a high performance, secure, reliable, FASP based, multi tenant, auto-scaleable transfer platform as a service. ATS is built upon the Aspera transfer platform and includes the following components: FASP enabled transfer servers with direct to cloud object storage, Aspera desktop client, Aspera embedded client, Aspera Usage portal, and American Map the ATS management portal. Please note that this service, unlike the Aspera Files service, does not include cloud object storage, so all customers must separately provide and pay for of sorrow essay, that.

Service availability (clouds and rubric middle region) ATS is generally available in fruits essay, the following regions for Amazon Web Services (US, EU, APAC), IBM Cloud (US, EU), and literary school Microsoft Azure (US). Detailed availability can be reviewed here. Essay! Additional clouds and regions for essay on chronic pulmonary, ATS will be rolled out in the near future including availability in Google Cloud Platform. ATS will also be sold offered in the IBM Bluemix catalog in the near future. WHAT'S NEW IN THE ASPERA TRANSFER SERVICE. The service footprint has been expanded to include new deployments to the IBM Bluemix infrastructure in Amsterdam, Milan Frankfurt. The service also now supports Amazon Web Services regions in Frankfurt Singapore. See a list of all deployments here. Support for the Microsoft Azure Cloud platform.

New support for the Microsoft Azure Cloud includes service deployment to US Central, US East Singapore regions, as well as support for of sorrow, the Azure Files storage type. New ability to grant role-based access to an ATS node. Essay On The! Cluster node AWS images are now enabled with enhanced networking using an elastic network adapter (ENA). Of Sorrow! “Aspera offers a mature, fast, reliable and secure solution capable of handling the high volume of video content we need to dissertation topics, deliver directly to cloud storage. Of Sorrow Essay! Simon Christie Broadcast Systems Engineer, Distribution Broadcast Technology, Channel 4.

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Fruits of Sorrow: Framing Our Attention to Suffering - Elizabeth V

Want to Install Elementary OS? 7 Reasons Why You Should! Making Your Own Website: Your Career Will Thank You Later. Previously, we beat to death every single excuse/myth/misconception that there is about creating a personal website You Are Missing Out By Not Creating A Personal Website: Disproving The 6 Myths You Are Missing Out By Not Creating A Personal Website: Disproving The 6 Myths Have you ever considered having a personal website? You know a place where people can go to read about who you are, what you do, your goals and aspirations, and of sorrow essay, of course to essay principle the tendency of humans, contact.

Read More . You no have no reason not to have one. However, you may still be wondering how making your own website could really benefit you. In January, I wrote an article about why it’s crucial to fruits of sorrow, have a professional online presence Creating A Professional Online Presence Is Crucial For Today's Job Market: Here's How Creating A Professional Online Presence Is Crucial For Today's Job Market: Here's How Let’s face it, the job market is becoming more and more competitive. No matter where you live, getting noticed is help statement, becoming more and more difficult. Fruits Essay? Employers are now going towards the online application process, limiting. Malthus's On The Of Population Discussed Of Humans? Read More and of sorrow essay, how to on chronic obstructive, do it, where I mentioned the fruits importance of having a personal website. A personal website is probably one of the biggest aspects of your online presence. On The? Sure other areas such as social networks and blogs are important, but your website is fruits of sorrow, like a home base a hub that everything branches off from.Let’s now explore some reasons how just such a website will benefit you tremendously. Your Website Is Like a Living Resume, But More Dynamic. Comparing your website to of tango, your resume, is almost insulting to your website.

Although you can create an awesome resume Your All-In-One Guide To Building The Perfect Resume Your All-In-One Guide To Building The Perfect Resume Whether you just graduated, are returning to fruits of sorrow, school or are looking for a new job, within or outside your career, you need a resume. But not just a resume. You need a great resume. One. Read More , a website is so much more than that. First, it can be whatever you want it to essay on the history of tango, be.

Where a resume is typically supposed to be in a certain format, except for creative types Two Easy Ways To Create Visual Infographics Of Your Résumé Two Easy Ways To Create Visual Infographics Of Your Résumé Creative jobseekers are always searching for fruits essay new ways to distinguish themselves to potential employers. One of the help me write a personal statement quickest ways to fruits essay, do this is to make your résumé stand out from the middle school crowd. Once you've got. Read More , a website can be in any format, have any theme, and contain any content. You can use it to display your hobbies and interests; your professional success and goals; a portfolio of your photography, projects or other work; and many other interesting things such as The Impossible List, a complete life bio, or simply share your outlook on life. Your Website Is Your Ultimate “Online Profile” In line with the previous point, your website is the ultimate way to represent yourself online. Fruits Essay? Sure there are your social networks, or even your blog The Art Of Creating A Successful Blog Tips From The Pros [Feature] The Art Of Creating A Successful Blog Tips From The Pros [Feature] In an essay middle effort to understand the magic ingredients that make up the recipe of of sorrow essay, a successful website, I went out in literary rubric middle school search of successful bloggers that have formed popular, profitable websites. Of Sorrow? The fruits of that.

Read More , but your own website, especially a self-hosted site, is far more effective in communicating to South, potential employers, customers, and business partners about who you are. However, self-hosted websites certainly aren’t the only way to go. Previously we mentioned some online tools that you can use to easily create a website The Easiest Ways To Make A Personal Website Without Any Coding Skills The Easiest Ways To Make A Personal Website Without Any Coding Skills There are so many reasons for everyday people to have their own website these days, such as building a professional profile or having a showcase space for of sorrow a home business. Whatever your reasoning is American Map, for. Read More without the need for fruits essay tinkering with WordPress. Websites like About.me allow you to on the history of tango, design your own landing page with ease.

Other websites like Weebly allow you to create a whole website. In addition, you could still purchase a domain name Creating A Professional Online Presence Is Crucial For Today's Job Market: Here's How Creating A Professional Online Presence Is Crucial For Today's Job Market: Here's How Let’s face it, the job market is becoming more and more competitive. No matter where you live, getting noticed is becoming more and fruits, more difficult. Employers are now going towards the online application process, limiting. Read More so you can have a nice clean URL like example.com instead of essay on the history, example.weebly.com or about.me/example. Again, I encourage you to look into using WordPress it’s not difficult (which I used to of sorrow, think so), but if you are set on South, other options, here’s a list of fruits of sorrow, websites that you might want to essay on the, consider: Your Website Helps You Become More Discoverable. More and more people are using the Internet to find people, and more about them than what they may have already known. The number of people who have personal websites in lieu of other social profiles is fruits essay, quite low.

What’s my point? My point is that if someone searches your name in obstructive pulmonary disease Google, you have a much higher chance of being discovered. Of Sorrow? Plus, it also decreases the essay of tango chances that someone else with your same name could misrepresent you in some way and fruits of sorrow, potentially hurt your integrity. In the image above, you can see that my website is help, number two in the search results in between a Twitter account and a website of fruits essay, two different people, my online namesakes. In fact, all three of us are on Twitter and do some sort of writing or blogging.

So there’s a possibility that someone could mix us up. This is essay of tango, why it’s important to ensure you “claim your name” online and represent yourself professionally. Your Website Improves Your Credibility and Helps You Stand Out. To expand on what I was saying in of sorrow the previous section, a website also makes you more credible and allows you to stand out amongst the crowd and essay on the history, competition. Have you ever asked your friends, classmates, or colleagues about how many of them have their own personal website? It’s likely that your having a website will make you a rarity among them.

This is likely to change in the coming years, but for fruits now, you should take advantage of the fact that not everyone represents themselves online as well as they could. Now, does this mean that by having a website you’re guaranteed to beat out those who don’t? Of course not, it also depends on your skill set, experiences, education and so on. Help? But it will certainly give you an edge by showing your dedication and career focus, which is fruits of sorrow essay, my next point. Your Website Shows Your Dedication and Career Focus. As you sculpt your career, you add experience after experience under your belt. A website is the Map perfect place to share those experiences through both text and pictures. You can use this as a tool to show people in essay the same line of work what you do. It’s one thing to have it on American, a resume, or even talk about it in person, but for them to essay, read about it and see photos or videos of your accomplishments, that’s where you can really benefit from the essay on chronic obstructive power of a resume. It enables people whom you may have never even met to connect with you in a way that they’ve never been able to before. We have not only disproved the myths of fruits of sorrow, not having a website You Are Missing Out By Not Creating A Personal Website: Disproving The 6 Myths You Are Missing Out By Not Creating A Personal Website: Disproving The 6 Myths Have you ever considered having a personal website?

You know a place where people can go to read about who you are, what you do, your goals and American Map, aspirations, and of course to contact. Read More , but also provided you five solid reasons for having one. You can see now how not having a website can really set you back professionally. In the midst of all the competitiveness these days, no matter which career path you choose, it’s crucial that you set yourself apart from the rest. Now, a website certainly isn’t the only thing you need you need good references, some solid experience, potentially an education, and proficient skills in your area of expertise. But how do you communicate that?

Through a website of course! Now that you have the motivation and reason to of sorrow, start working on making your own website, all you need to literary essay rubric, do is to make a get rolling. Fruits Of Sorrow Essay? When you’re finished, feel free to share your website development journey with us. We also welcome any of your thoughts on how to create a personal website effectively. Have you created one prior to this series of articles? If so, what moved you to essay on the history, do so?

If you’re still on the fence or have any questions concerning a website, I’m more than happy to help shoot us your comments below! Another great option for personal branding is Two Way Resume (twowayresume.com). Very easy to use and essay, you can get up and running quickly! Great article! I am a computer teacher for me write statement Middle school students(7th and 8th grade) and fruits of sorrow, I am teaching them to create their own pages, which will be updated as they learn and mature and change. This way they have a place to essay on chronic obstructive disease, store their work and projects, and of sorrow essay, skillsets. It's never to early!

We use Weebly, since it is very user friendly. I also have our school newspaper online, with students creating the malthus's discussed the tendency site on Weebly. These kids are leaving school with more technology knowledge in their pinky than most adults in their whole body! :) We are in a fast changing technological world - get ready! Hi Aaron, a few years late, but your arguments are still relevant. Of Sorrow Essay? I have just bought my domain. I am Australian, so I have a .com.au domain. This is good because we need an Australian Business Number to get a .com.au domain.

I got it mainly to host and essay the tendency of humans, OwnCloud server, but on of sorrow, your advice i am also going to set up a resume. Thank you - great article. This is great! I've been thinking about getting my own website and dissertation topics, this post has definitely inspire me to fruits of sorrow essay, do so. Thanks! Simply desire to say your article is as astonishing.

I use wix (http://mbuynow.wix.com/home) and essay on the of tango, weebly (http://mbuynow.weebly.com/). They are very useful tools for building your brand. Fruits Of Sorrow Essay? Also, thanks for sharing the list of websites. One caveat I would say goes along with having a personal website, especially if you blog, is to keep it updated. If your last post was over a year ago or links that go no where, it negates any benefits of having a website in the first place. Although I understand what you mean, this isn't necessarily always the obstructive disease case. Fruits Of Sorrow Essay? A personal website can be stagnant as long as the information is essay pulmonary disease, mostly current and up to of sorrow, date. Sometimes life gets busy you don't have a chance to update it -- I was recently in this position -- I moved across the country, stopped doing some things, and started doing others.

In all of that, I didn't update my personal website for weeks (just recently changed it all). A blog is much different -- it is something that you should post to regularly. I personally don't post to my multiple blogs as often as I would like/should. But I don't feel that reflects negatively on rubric middle, me as a person -- I'm busy and have a lot going on and although I try to do many things that I enjoy (one being blogging), I also have to put the majority of of sorrow, my efforts towards making money (writing for MUO and doing other freelance gigs). Again, I see where you are coming from and I 100% agree that it's crucial to South American, the life of your blog to post quality and fruits essay, consistent articles. However, I think that most people understand that when articles/info/etc. aren't as current, it usually means more there are more important things going on that you haven't had time to update the Internet on yet. Thanks for reading the article and for commenting. Topics? And feel free to share any additional thoughts. I don't want it to seem like I'm just shutting you down.

If I missed a point somewhere, you're more than welcome to point it out. Can you tell me what it is essay, about word press that not only malthus's essay the tendency of humans, you have recommended, I don't understand why WordPress is of sorrow essay, better than the malthus's on the principle discussed the tendency others you listed like WIX ? Thanks for your time. To get an of sorrow essay answer from several different people, you should ask this question on essay obstructive, on MakeUseOf Answers. Please refer to fruits of sorrow, this article. Thanks for literary school the great article, i need to learn more about web hosting though. What are you wanting to know? I'm not an fruits of sorrow expert in web hosting, which goes to show that to create a website, you really don't need to have a big understanding of it.

We have put together several articles about different web hosting options, from using Dropbox to host your website to explaining the various forms of of humans, web hosting. Perhaps you could start there. Also, we have a whole page dedicated to the best web hosting services. Thanks for replying, I will check those link. :) I tried Wix and fruits of sorrow, this is what I came up with. Please let me know what you think! http://cobbbt.wix.com/ben-a-cobb-wedding.

Your link isn't going through for some reason. Is your website still up? yes I just took the site down. Wix was just too slow for help me write statement my liking. I now have a SmugMug site.

Http//:benacobbphoto.smugmug.com/ Ah I see. Very nice! Can someone suggest me good domain names? arshadhasan.com is taken and I am not sure which other to choose. I ran into a similar problem.

Ideally, .com is the best, but for a personal site, you might also consider a .me -- for mine I did aaroncouch.me. Fruits Of Sorrow Essay? Another thought is using a middle initial if you have one. Does that help? Will myname.me work with Google Apps? I would think that would work, yes. Arron, You have hit the hot button with me! Thanks for reminding me of pulmonary, all the groovy reason to have my own site/blog etc. I have hosting have my domain name and fruits of sorrow, do not laugh but I have redone the setup (themes, css, make it all fit) so many times an help statement tore it down only fruits essay, speaking of the tech stuff I have all my brand and content but I struggle with the set-up of the site. I admit it I have tried for the last year to set up my own set my domain name is a year old next month I have hosting for three years at HG but I still do not have my site?? I have aff. sites amazon sites you name it but i can not get the themes to do what they are suppose to do. I have paid themes, free WP themes they are all setting online under my domain with nothing on them.

I am lost or better yet overwhelmed with this ME site. Been online 3 years an I am at a stand still cannot sale anymore to statement, offline or online with out finishing this ME site. Please my friend guide me, offer me help, or at least look at what I am talking about? Please I am no dummy but what I want and what the theme wants to do is two different things. I belong to yall have for years but you have hit the one spot that I can not Techy figure this out. Of Sorrow Essay? please respond and malthus's principle, tell this Woman in Texas how to fix this so I can go on. Have biz cards, letterhead can not pass out fruits of sorrow cause it has my domain name for on the the tendency my site which is fruits of sorrow, still not done. Thank you for this article which I recd per email lead me to help my friend. I could even pay something for help.

Hey. Of Tango? Well. I have always dreamed of essay, having my own website, wordpress.com isn't enough; it was a good springboard, but I am branching out now on my own (scary!). I have my domain and website builder and blogging function but. I haven't got it up and running yet :( It's an info site and that's where the nerves come from help a personal, as I have got to get what I am talking about RIGHT!! (I just read your article link on creating a personal website and fruits, this comment appiles to malthus's essay on the principle discussed the tendency of humans, both) I know that I want to help people and the past 3-4 years of of sorrow, my working life was doing just that. So the malthus's principle of population the tendency websites an extension of that - reaching out and sharing extensive knowledge. It's just so nerve wracking.

With the setup, there's a LOT of components I have to get my head around. Fruits Of Sorrow Essay? I have many of the South Map ideas for of sorrow content and angle written down but, I gotta do the building (stress!). Do you have any motivational words pertaining to a kick up the rear?? Once I have done it I'll probably look back and think what all the fuss was about! (I've gone with GoDaddy - the cost is quite reasonable) I've owned my own website for me write almost ten years. The ad free environment is the best part. I only wish I knew how to of sorrow, Link my FB page to on the of tango, http://clydelist.com. Glad to see that you've pointed out the obvious SEO benefits :) I've got the same problem you've got - there's another Thomas Frank out there!

However, he's a famous author who's been on of sorrow essay, the Colbert Report and stuff, so it's going to take me quite a few years to step out of his shadow. Great article which may well get me motivated to do this. I like Ucoz as well. It has some annoying features but that's just me being picky: for example, a free website can have its own list of South American Map, users (profiles and fruits of sorrow essay, everything) but their accounts can't be local (they have to register with Ucoz, though it's free and Map, doesn't sign them up for webspace) but on the other hand, hey--free website can actually have its own user community! Webs offers something similar, I believe, but unlike Webs, Ucoz starts you off with 440 MB space. I have the of sorrow domain name, but no idea how to make it into a web site. I could build a web site using wordpress but then it would be example.wordpress.com so it wouldnt use my domain. The article is great, just need some gaps filling in. Thanks, Mike -- I've been in your EXACT same shoes.

The solution isn't WordPress.COM, but WordPress.ORG. Essay On The History? Here is the guide that I used and it helped tremendously: http://collegeinfogeek.com/personal-website/ I think it'll help you too! I'm happy to help you in any way I can. Thanks for the info link. Looks like I have made it a lot harder by buying the fruits of sorrow domain name without the hosting.

The article linked recommends HostGator, but as I am in essay on the the UK I guess I need to do my own research here. There are a lot to fruits of sorrow essay, choose from it is history of tango, hard to of sorrow essay, know what might work ok be good value. The site I need will be only a few pages not expect much traffic so I am hoping the costs will be minimal. Sorry for the late response. Topics? You might start by looking at our Best Of Web Hosting page. Keep me posted on fruits essay, the progress of your website and if you need any further help! And as always, MakeUseOf Answers is literary essay school, a great place to get questions answered as well.

Recently i found very unique website builder - http://www.webzai.com. You should try it , this is an fruits of sorrow essay amazing website creation tool. Oh very cool Dan! Thanks for literary sharing :) I am working one now (WIX) and of sorrow, hope to on the history, be up soon! Nice post!

Thanks! Feel free to share your website with us whenever you complete it! Still on fruits of sorrow essay, the public fence - dealing with it off line but hope to get public before the summer. this a great piece of info, i will surely look into it and South American Map, have a website of my own, it would look cool on the business card that i have a personal website. Fruits Essay? great stuff Aaron keep it up! Absolutely! I love having it on my resume, and I am working (slowly :S) on my business cards, which I plan on essay on chronic obstructive pulmonary, putting my website on as well.

Glad to help! Let me know if I can assist in fruits of sorrow any other way :) Shortly i am also goign to purcahse new domain with my name. Very cool! Be sure to disease, share your website with us once you complete it! Good stuff, friend.

There's another Josh Lockhart out there. Of Sorrow Essay? It's why I go by Joshua now. : / This is essay, a really informative post, on my way to wix. Aaron is fruits, a Vet Assistant graduate, with his primary interests in essay on chronic obstructive pulmonary wildlife and technology. He enjoys exploring the outdoors and photography. When he's not writing or indulging in technological findings throughout the essay interwebs, he can be found bombing down the history mountainside on fruits essay, his bike. Malthus's Essay Of Population Discussed Of Humans? Read more about Aaron on his A Solid Mid-Range Phone: The Moto G5 Plus (Review and Giveaway)

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Sample MBA Application Essay - After. EssayEdge significantly improves each essay using the same voice as the author. The only fruits of sorrow essay way to evaluate editing is to compare the original essay with the edited version. We significantly improve essays both for clients who write poorly and for clients who write well. Essay 1: Discuss the factors that influenced your career decisions to South American Map date. Also discuss your career plans and why you want to obtain an MBA.

Early in my childhood, the Internet became more than just a luxury--it became a necessity. Fruits? My father moved from Singapore to Indonesia to start a textile company when I was four years old, leaving me alone with my mother. To alleviate the pressures of on chronic obstructive disease, separation, I developed the of sorrow essay, computer skills needed for electronic communication and on the was able to remain in close contact with my father. This experience solidified my interest in information technology and fruits exposed me to the enormous potential of this developing field. In the summer of 1992, I exploited my knowledge of IT to help those in my community. I volunteered at essay on chronic pulmonary, a local library, helping people with computer and fruits essay Internet-related questions.

Also at that time, my father's business had launched many technological changes that led to the automation of its production line. These improvements had saved his company from bankruptcy. Visiting him and seeing how the new system had increased his profits heightened my interest in essay on chronic disease IT. I now live in fruits of sorrow essay Canada, where computers continue to play a large role in American my daily affairs. I use electronic mail and Internet chats to fruits of sorrow essay communicate with both parents, and have chosen management information systems as my course of study. Information technology fascinates me not only because it makes companies more competitive, but also because it can bridge great distances to essay discussed the tendency bring people together. I have much respect for and interest in the IT industry. Personal satisfaction also plays a key role in my career decision. While monetary rewards are of practical importance, true job satisfaction springs from the opportunity to grow and learn within an industry. I enjoy acquiring new skills and information, which help me to adapt to the fast-changing world, as well as pique my interest in of sorrow innovation.

In addition, a career with open prospects would give me constant incentive to help improve myself and to gain more knowledge. I currently volunteer for an on-campus organization, Job Web, in which I am responsible for fruits essay, posting employment opportunities on the World Wide Web, answering questions and essay on the preparing informative handouts. This position has broadened my computing abilities and has improved my interpersonal skills, which are crucial to any business endeavor. I enjoy the sense of productivity and usefulness I gain from the work, and feel it is a valuable experience for future employment. Given the confluence of my personal and professional interests, my goal is to obtain a master's degree and then to work in an IT-related industry, either with a consulting firm or as a systems analyst with a financial institution. In addition to this, I plan to fruits of sorrow use my private time to attend computer programming courses in order to maintain a competitive knowledge of technology. When I have gathered enough experience and skills, I plan to launch a consulting company of literary school, my own. Attending a Master's of fruits, Science program will smooth the obstructive pulmonary disease, path to fruits these goals.

Such a program will deepen my expertise and malthus's essay broaden my perspectives. Moreover, the MIS option will help me to hone my skills in IT areas that I have not yet encountered. As I have attended the University of of sorrow essay, Toronto for four years, I am familiar with and have confidence in the faculty professors whom I believe can help me become an IT professional. Essay 2: Describe two events in of tango your life to date that demonstrate your ability to do well in business. My classmates called me the alien, and they avoided me like the plague. As a young boy, I suffered from fruits, severe dermatitis, which filled my limbs with ulcers and scars. The true pain of my condition, however, was social; I was alienated from my classmates and lived a life of loneliness and isolation.

Doctors predicted that I would never fully recover, but my parents refused to accept this. They encouraged me to hope for the future, teaching me that any obstacle could be overcome. I therefore took an active role in my health, trying many medications and herbs. Approaching my loneliness with bravery, I came to view it as a challenge to be overcome. History Of Tango? The summer after I graduated from primary school, my disease improved dramatically. Fruits Of Sorrow? Although my body remained riddled with scars, the ulcers vanished. The self-confidence I regained was profound; I realized that my personal will had led to this improvement. Essay History Of Tango? I began to seek out friendships at school, and I took part in activities like volleyball, Girl Guide, and Art Club. Through it all, my attitude toward challenges remained the same. In every examination or competition, I told myself that I could easily excel since nothing could be more difficult than what I had already overcome.

By the of sorrow, time I moved to Canada, I had fully recovered both socially and physically. Moreover, I had learned to be confident and never to fear failure. This credo echoes through my personal life and topics in law gives me the of sorrow essay, inner resolve to succeed at essay history of tango, any endeavor, including my professional pursuits. Like my personal battle with dermatitis, I learned a great deal about leadership by overcoming adversity. While enrolled in an ESL program in Canada, I joined the of sorrow, Culture Club as a Special Event Director.

I managed a group of dissertation topics in law, six individuals in organizing various functions. I was the most advanced ESL student among the group, and I therefore assumed myself to be the most capable. Fruits Of Sorrow? I quickly learned my mistake. While preparing our first function, I was strict with my team members and often rejected their ideas in favor of my own. I performed most of their tasks myself, allowing them to assist me only in minor details. As a result, the function was not very successful.

Few people attended, and we had problems with decorations and presentation. The setback disheartened me, and I spoke of it to the club's supervisor. She responded that she trusted my ability to succeed in the future. This comment filled me with surprise, for I realized that I had never trusted my own team members. Although they were weak in English, they had many valuable talents. Help Me Write A Personal? I immediately changed my policy, allowing team members to choose the tasks they desired and to essay complete them on their own. Meetings evolved into group brainstorming sessions, which yielded many good ideas. Most importantly, the topics in law, atmosphere among us improved dramatically. We were happier and more eager to devote time to the program. I learned what true leadership is, and the experience undoubtedly improved my ability to handle challenging business situations.

You are absolutely the best! Your explanations were clear and extremely helpful. You manage to edit my essays without changing any important fact. The thing I was mostly impressed is how you organized my essays, the weakest point in the original and how you edit the structure of my sentences, the issue I always struggle with since I am not a native speaker. Your service was worth every penny and I would definitely recommended EssayEdge to my friends currently applying for of sorrow essay, B-schools. Additionally, it was on time . very impressive!

It took me days to write the originals and you were able to essay polish them in the way I probably would never be able to. Essay? Also, through your comments and changes I learned how to improve my writing and communicate my thoughts a little bit better. You almost made a frustrating application process fun. THANK YOU SO MUCH. Essay Rubric Middle School? Click Here for the Edited Version. This is a strong pair of essays that puts a very human face on your application. You come across as an engaging and fruits of sorrow essay likeable IT professional, and the details you provide about malthus's essay principle of humans your personal life are both interesting and informative.

However, there were ways in fruits essay which these essays could be improved. The major problem I noticed with these essays was the topics in law, length of essay, your paragraphs. It is necessary to literary essay rubric middle school break your discussions into easily digestible segments so that the fruits essay, reader is not overwhelmed by the breadth of obstructive pulmonary disease, your observations. I have substantially reworked the structure of these essays to fruits make them more accessible to South American Map the reader. Throughout each essay, I took liberties to correct stylistic and grammatical problems. My changes largely took the form of making sentence transitions smoother and more compelling, varying sentence structure to keep the reader interested, and fruits of sorrow essay pruning unnecessary words to increase sentence comprehension and coherence. I consciously tried to leave your own voice and ideas intact. Here are my specific notes on each original paragraph of the text: The first few sentences of your original draft seemed too self-pitying. South American Map? It is essential to begin your essay with something that captures the fruits of sorrow, reader's interest. I have provided a new introduction that illustrates the unique role that the Internet played in your family dynamic.

In addition, it is useful to separate the introduction proper from the rest of the first paragraph. I have provided a strong transition that illustrates the pulmonary, relevance of your volunteer IT experience. Finally, the new second paragraph that I have adapted from your original text incorporates extensive sentence-level adjustments to improve your diction. When I visited him, the of sorrow essay, new automated production line and the whole computerized firm amused me. It is best to help me write a personal omit this detail since it suggests that you failed to appreciate the difficulty of your father's work. See the alternative treatment of this idea I have proposed in the revised essay.

I provided a stronger transition to this sentence, which encapsulates your main motivation for pursuing a career in fruits of sorrow essay IT. Malthus's Principle Of Population Discussed Of Humans? Your original paragraph was a bit too general, so I anchored your assertions in concrete fact to make them more compelling. Although monetary reward is practically important in reality. This is redundant. Of Sorrow? I suggest the following: While monetary rewards are of practical importance. I like learning new skills and acquiring up-dated information, because they can help me adapt the fast-changing world, enrich my experiences, explore my interest, and give me higher self-esteem as I am a valuable person. This is too effusive. I have provided a shorter version of this idea below. I have improved the diction of this paragraph to make it more compelling.

I will attend a computer-programming course in malthus's the tendency of humans order to continuously update myself and become more competitive. This construction is slightly awkward. You can rephrase this idea as follows: I plan to use my private time to attend computer programming courses in order to maintain a competitive knowledge of of sorrow, technology. I have adjusted the tone of dissertation topics, this paragraph to use a more confident voice. For instance, I replaced the phrase, the program can deepen expertise, with, such a program will deepen my expertise.

This adjustment is fruits essay, subtle, but it makes a big difference. Your original introduction failed to introduce your subject to the reader in an adequate fashion or to engage his attention. Help? Rather than summarizing your arguments in an essay this short, it is better to provide a hook that draws your reader into the piece. See my suggestion in the text. This paragraph was too wordy, and many of your arguments were redundant. I have streamlined your discussion to of sorrow essay make it more direct, and I have separated this paragraph into South Map, two parts to make it more readable. In addition, it was necessary to reduce the graphic description of your physical ailment. Fruits Of Sorrow? It is better to focus on malthus's on the of population discussed how you overcame adversity rather than to dwell on how you suffered as a child. . full of ulcers, sores, bandages and scars. I always felt itchy and fruits painful, and I dared not play with others. Moreover, my hairs had never been longer that two inches.

These are distracting details that fail to illustrate how you overcame adversity. I suggest reducing these descriptions to middle school a minimum. During every examination and competition, I told myself that I was able to do the of sorrow essay, best because nothing was tougher than the time when I was in the primary school. This is a very powerful argument that does a great job of pulmonary disease, illustrating your resolve. I have highlighted and expanded upon this idea in fruits of sorrow essay the revised essay. This paragraph is also best divided into two separate parts. To ensure that your essay reads smoothly, I have provided new transition sentences to each paragraph.

However, I quickly found that I was wrong after we completed our first function. This is a good place to essay rubric school vary sentence length for dramatic effect. I propose the following: I quickly learned my mistake. I followed up my members' tasks very strictly and did not accept their idea very often. While it is important to be honest, you should cast this detail in the most favorable light possible.

I propose the following: I was strict with my team members and fruits essay often rejected their ideas in help me write statement favor of my own. With all the changes I have proposed, you will have to fruits of sorrow use your judgment and accept only those which you think are best. Overall, these essays now do a very good job of putting a human face on your application. I wish you the best of luck in the application process. See how EssayEdge experts from schools including Harvard, Yale and Princeton can help you get into principle discussed the tendency of humans, business school! Review our services.

877-338-7772 (USA) 609-896-8669 (Int'l) *9 out of fruits, 10 claim is based on 1,440 student surveys received between June 1, 2011 and June 1, 2012. 2017 Peterson's Nelnet, LLC. All rights reserved.

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Actor/Actress Cover Letter Examples. Creating an application that stands out from all the rest is a major hurdle when applying for a job. Writing a strong cover letter can help you catch the hiring manager#8217;s eye and land that coveted interview. With our actor/actress cover letter example and writing tips, you#8217;ll be well-prepared to craft a competitive application. Do examine the job description to of sorrow get an idea of what characteristics of a desired candidate the company mentions most often. Literary Essay Rubric? Then, highlight your related skills and experience. Don#8217;t use a generic greeting such as ?dear hiring manager#8221; if you can help it.

Look up the name of the hiring manager and address him or her directly. Fruits Of Sorrow? Do be creative. In artistic fields such as theater, creativity can pay off. On The Discussed Of Humans? Consider experimenting with the fruits essay, traditional formats for a letter that stands out. Do resist the temptation to write about how extremely excited you are to apply for the position. Too much enthusiasm can come across as artificial and may hamper the obstructive pulmonary disease, clarity of fruits essay, your letter#8217;s message. Looking to get hired as an actor/actress?

You#8217;ll need your acting chops, a great headshot, and of course, an impressive cover letter. The actor/actress cover letter examples below can help you highlight your acting background, impress casting directors, and essay on chronic disease land you more auditions. Choose from multiple design options to make your cover letter stand out. Get started today! Cover Letter Tips for Actor Actress. Essay? Finding jobs as a Actor Actress doesn#8217;t have to be as daunting as it may seem. Taking the right kinds of action as you begin your job search can take a lot of the difficulty out of the process. Below is essay a short list of tips to help you with your hunt. Of Sorrow Essay? 1. Stay positive.

Your attitude can boost you or bog you down. Work on developing the ability to handle rejection and roadblocks in a constructive manner. 2. Schedule your search activities. It doesn#8217;t matter whether you create a daily or weekly agenda, so long as you maintain an organizational framework. Applying to numerous jobs as a Actor Actress could become overwhelming if you don#8217;t keep track of what you#8217;ve already done and what comes next. 3. Make the most of your network. Reach out to colleagues, friends and South Map family. They may surprise you with unknown connections or helpful information. Networking could put you in touch with decision makers or make you aware of openings you may not have found on your own. 4. Fruits Essay? Research employers. Take the time to essay rubric middle school learn everything you can about companies that catch your interest.

Learn about their company cultures and the challenges they face in their industries. Fruits Of Sorrow Essay? Finding out all you can could help make you more competitive and allow you to better demonstrate how you could make a positive impact on an employer#8217;s operations. 5. Talk about your job search every day. Essay Principle The Tendency? Staying accountable is fruits of sorrow important when engaged in a difficult task. Talking things over with someone also can help reduce your stress and maintain your motivation. A quality rA©sumA© can make you much more competitive, regardless of your targeted industry or position. It#8217;s important to understand the basics characteristics all good rA©sumA©s share. Here are some helpful pointers.

1. Literary Middle? Format your job listings so the reader encounters the fruits essay, details they want to know first. This order is generally preferred ? title/position, employer, employer location, employment dates. On The Of Tango? 2. Of Sorrow Essay? Don#8217;t be afraid to sing your own praises. Essay? Featuring your accomplishments provides concrete examples of your potential value to a prospective employer. Rattling off a basic list of of sorrow essay, job responsibilities is much less meaningful. Essay On Chronic? 3. Employers tend to fruits essay get a lot of literary essay rubric middle, applications, leaving little time to thoroughly consider them all. It has been found that many managers only essay, look at the average rA©sumA© for about six seconds. It#8217;s important for me write a personal, your rA©sumA© to be sharply focused so it can make a case for you quickly. 4. Don#8217;t lie. Fruits Of Sorrow? Resist the essay history, temptation to embellish your background when you#8217;re hunting jobs as a Actor Actress.

Even ?little white lies#8221; should be avoided. Of Sorrow Essay? Assume everything on your rA©sumA© will be checked. 5. Proofread your rA©sumA©. You don#8217;t want to essay principle of population discussed the tendency create the impression that you#8217;re lazy, inattentive or unintelligent. Spend some extra time ensuring your grammar and spelling are beyond reproach. Attract attention with professional cover letter designs. Finalize and download your cover letter in multiple formats. Attract attention with professional cover letter designs. Improve your cover letter with our pre-written text. Finalize and of sorrow download your cover letter in multiple formats.

Improve your cover letter with our pre-written text. Attract attention with professional cover letter designs. Finalize and download your cover letter in multiple formats. Attract attention with professional cover letter designs. Improve your cover letter with our pre-written text. Finalize and download your cover letter in multiple formats. Improve your cover letter with our pre-written text. Attract attention with professional cover letter designs. Finalize and download your cover letter in multiple formats. Attract attention with professional cover letter designs. Improve your cover letter with our pre-written text.

Finalize and download your cover letter in multiple formats. Dissertation Topics In Law? Improve your cover letter with our pre-written text. Media and Entertainment Cover Letter Samples. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of fruits, career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write persuasive cover letters, and of population of humans develop better interview skills. Land the job you want faster using our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume-builder software. LiveCareer#8217;s Free Resume Builder, resume templates, and resume tips are featured on some of the world#8217;s largest online and offline publications including: Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Fruits Of Sorrow? Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST.

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DEES Graduate Student Dissertation Topic List. Date Orals Passed: 5/15. Advisory Committee: Gaherty, Shillington, Ekstrom. Investigation of the Role of Segmentation and Magmatism in Continental Rifting Exploiting Diverse Seismic Datasets from the East African Rift System. For many years it has been accepted that continental breakup occurs by fruits of sorrow essay extension and ultimately rupture of the lithosphere. However, the emergence and early evolution of two fundamental characteristics of divergent plate boundaries, segmentation and magmatism, are not well understood because most studies focus on mature or successfully rifted margins. Additionally, there are few existing datasets that can be integrated to provide 3D constraints on rift architecture throughout the lithosphere, which are required to address these questions. My research focuses on investigations of the crust and uppermost mantle structure beneath two unique end-member study locations within the East African Rift System (EARS). The first component of my dissertation concerns the mature Main Ethiopian Rift and Afar Depression.

I used earthquake and continuous data from 100+ temporary seismic stations located in the region to investigate the shear velocity and radially anisotropic structure of the uppermost mantle. This investigation produced estimates of mantle temperature and melt content within the rift and also highlighted the potential location of melt segregation along a steeply dipping lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary. The second component of my dissertation focuses on the relatively immature Malawi Rift located at the southernmost tip of the EARS. Of Tango? For this study I am using the recently acquired SEGMeNT active and passive source seismic dataset that comprises a 3D array of of sorrow essay, on-land and a personal, lake-bottom broadband and short period seismometers. With this data I plan to investigate the shear velocity structure of the uppermost mantle beneath the region using teleseismic and ambient noise seismic processing. The 3D active source dataset acquired by short period lake-bottom seismometers within Lake Malawi will provide high-resolution images of shallow crustal velocity structure. Together these diverse datasets will yield novel constraints on the state of the Malawi Rift and the role of segmentation and magmatism in an immature continental rift setting. Date Orals Passed: 4/13.

Advisory Committee: Hemming, Christie-Blick, Broecker. My dissertation work is fruits of sorrow, focused on malthus's on the of population the tendency of humans, constraining a Last Glacial Maximum and deglacial record of fruits of sorrow, hydroclimate change from the Mono Basin, California. Dissertation Topics? The emphasis of my work is on sedimentary and stratigraphic observations that I use to interpret lake level fluctuations--a proxy for fruits changes in the basin's precipitation minus evaporation balance. I hope that this, along with a chronology based on uranium series and essay school, radiocarbon data, can yield an accurate and precise record, which can be used by climate modelers to understand the hydrosphere's dynamics. In addition, models can then use this data to towards understanding how this region's hydroclimate will be affected with projected future climate change. Date Orals Passed : 5/14. Advisory Committee : A. Juhl, B. Anderson, H. Ducklow. Impacts of regional climate change on planktonic microorganisms in marine ecosystems. My graduate research at the interface of of sorrow essay, marine biology and chemical oceanography addresses the impacts of regional climate change on microorganisms in coastal marine ecosystems. Much of topics in law, my research focuses on the effects of multiple stressors on the growth and physiology of planktonic microorganisms, which form the base of the marine food web and serve as some of the first bioindicators of change in marine ecosystems. Of Sorrow Essay? Although the essay history of tango, effects of ocean acidification are known for some marine plankton, the interactive effects of ocean acidification and other chemical stressors (e.g., hypoxia, toxic trace metals delivered from suspended sediments, antibiotics) are not well understood.

Using integrated laboratory experiments and field studies, I examine the interactive impacts of ocean acidification with other chemical stressors on harmful algal bloom (HAB) phytoplankton species including Cochlodinium polykrikoides and Amphidinium carterae , as well as shelled molluscs including Limacina helicina . In addition, some of my research focuses on the supply of dust – a major source of iron for phytoplankton – in fruits essay, surface waters of the Map, Indian Ocean. Using trace metal clean laboratory techniques, I measure thorium isotopes in seawater and surface sediment samples to determine the total atmospheric dust flux to the Indian Ocean. These interdisciplinary studies address the coupled biological and chemical changes in of sorrow essay, marine ecosystems as a result of increased anthropogenic climate change. Date Orals Passed: 4/14. Advisory Committee: Tolstoy, Goldberg, Malinverno. Cycles and layering beneath the seafloor from marine and borehole geophysical data. In my first chapter, I examine the on the history, effect of short-term tidal cycles in of sorrow, the ocean. Specifically, I assess triggering of seismic activity related to the true fortnightly and fortnightly modulations of diurnal and semidiurnal tides at me write a personal, the East Pacific Rise through a dataset from an Ocean Bottom Seismometer array that was deployed from October 2003 to January 2007. The study is particularly focused on seismicity before and after a well-documented submarine eruption at this site, which culminated in a seismic crisis on January 22 nd , 2006. This study enables us to observe the fundamental change in the state of stress along a mid ocean ridge through a plate spreading event.

For my second and third chapter, I am looking at fruits of sorrow, the morphology, origin and evolution of Pleistocene submarine canyons at malthus's essay on the of population discussed, the New Jersey margin. Essay? For this purpose, I am using the 2D seismic reflection profiles collected on R/V Oceanus cruise 270 in 1995. Mapping the submarine canyons allows me to study their progression in morphology through space and time. For a greater understanding of the effects of sea level change on essay on the of population the tendency of humans, a stratigraphic column, a 3D seismic volume was just acquired on the New Jersey continental shelf, aboard R/V Langseth in the summer of 2015. Fruits Essay? I participated in the cruise and malthus's essay on the of population of humans, awaiting the delivery of the processed dataset early next year. I am planning to look at the evolution of Miocene clinoform fronts at this margin. In my last chapter, I am going to evaluate the ocean crustal sites at Reykjanes ridge, offshore Iceland for carbon dioxide sequestration in fruits of sorrow, layers of deep-sea basalt. This work aims to essay on chronic obstructive, look for fruits of sorrow an offshore extension of the onshore CarbFix project launched in 2007.

My work would include a geographical reconnaissance of the area, reservoir assessment to estimate carbon dioxide storage volume and lastly a thermal assessment for optimum temperature and pressure conditions to support the injected phase of carbon dioxide.?? Advisory Committee : Winckler, Goldstein, Kaplan. The provenance of mineral dust in West Antarctica: Insights into past atmospheric circulation and continental aridity. Mineral dust lofted up into the atmosphere has both a direct and an indirect effect on topics in law, the climate system. My research focuses on understanding the fruits essay, ways that dust influences the climate system today, and South Map, how that influence has changed in the past. In particular, we can use dust as a tracer of past atmospheric circulation patterns: by comparing the radiogenic isotopic “fingerprint” of places where the dust might have come from with the signal we see in some climate archive, we know that storm systems transported that dust from that known source to our location of interest. Then, we can see how the source areas may have changed over time. My samples come from several ice cores in West Antarctica (WAIS), and of sorrow, we use Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopes to identify the changing dust sources to WAIS on glacial-interglacial and on chronic pulmonary, millennial timescales, as well as during even shorter-term events such as volcanic eruptions. Date Orals Passed: 4/15.

Advisory Committee: Linsley, deMenocal, B. Anderson. Paleoceanographic-Proxy Development in Scleractinia (Stony Corals) Throughout the Pacific Ocean: Exploring the Variable Utility of Stable Isotopes and Trace Metals in Oceanographic Reconstructions. The geochemical signature in of sorrow, the aragonite skeleton of a coral can be used to in law, decipher past climate. In particular, stable isotopes and trace metals are used to elucidate changes in sea surface temperature (SST), sea surface salinity (SSS), or coastal river discharge. My dissertation research is a compilation of projects aimed at fine-tuning and exploring the bounds of coral paleoceanographic proxies. Using stable oxygen isotopes from corals off the Pacific coast of Panama I am reconstructing decadal precipitation patterns to better understand low frequency variability in the Pacific Basin. In conjunction with the precipitation record, I am studying the viability of coral Ba/Ca as a terrestrial run off proxy in the same region to better understand the impacts of fruits, oscillating precipitation in essay obstructive disease, the Eastern Tropical Pacific.

In addition I am developing Sr/Ca- and oxygen isotope-SST calibrations for of sorrow corals in Map, the Great Barrier Reef. This calibration will be applied to fossil corals dating back to the Last Glacial Maximum to help us understand SST change in the Great Barrier reef during the most recent glacial to interglacial transition. Ultimately, my research explores the various types of coral paleo-proxies and how their applicability can vary in different oceanographic settings. My findings will underscore the need to fruits essay, consider the location of interest when choosing the most appropriate proxy to interrogate past climate change. Date Orals Passed: 4/13. Advisory Committee: Zappa, Gordon, Sobel. My research focuses on air-sea interaction. In particular, I use IR imagery to literary middle school, study micro breaking, momentum, heat and fruits, gas exchange at the air-sea interface.

IR imagery not only provides a measure of skin temperature, but can also be used to infer surface currents. Structures and help me write, variations in the skin temperature arise from disruption of the thermal boundary layer (TBL) as a result of wind forcing at the air-water interface and/or due to turbulent eddies generated within the water column. The TBL makes up top few micro meters of the water column and of sorrow, the key intermediate between the ocean and atmosphere, which plays a crucial role in heat and gas exchanges. My studies aim to infer subsurface and bulk water column characteristics such as turbulent kinetic energy dissipation, and water depth from American non-intrusive surface measurements of the thermal boundary layer. I am currently investigating how sea ice modulates local physics, turbulence production, and gas transfer in the interplay of ice-water shear, convection waves and wind. Date Orals Passed : 10/13. Advisory Committee : Gordon, Thurnherr, Abernathey.

Understanding the fruits of sorrow, global freshwater cycle is topics in law, of tremendous importance in order to fruits of sorrow, understand and adapt to future climate change. The ocean is inherently linked to the global freshwater cycle. Positive net evaporation (evaporation - precipitation) constantly remove freshwater from the surface in the subtropics creating a local maximum in sea surface salinity while the tropics are freshened by excess rainfall. To balance the loss in freshwater in the subtropics, ocean processes need to essay on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, mix in surrounding waters laterally and vertically. The mainly wind driven shallow overturning circulation, defined by poleward Ekman drift at the surface, subduction in the subtropics and upwelling in the equatorial regions carries the salty surface signature beneath the surface creating a subsurface salinity maximum. Recent advances in remote salinity observations and essay, a comprehensive field campaign (NASA-SPURS) enable us to study the influence of mesoscale eddies for the surface salinity maximum as well as the subsurface salinity maximum in the North Atlantic. My dissertation aims to quantify the malthus's on the of population discussed the tendency, importance of mesoscale turbulence to the surface salinity maximum in the North Atlantic and identify links to large scale climate variables using a mix of fruits essay, observational data and simplified model experiments. Further more I aim to identify key processes that influence the subsurface salinity maximum once isolated from the surface forcing, hence influence the heat/salt transports through the shallow overturning circulation. Specifically the role of essay obstructive, double diffusive processes for the salinity core layer and associated transports will be evaluated. Finally these results will be compared to the shallow overturning circulation and salinity maxima in other ocean basins and evaluated whether they can explain regional differences and fruits, account for inter annual variability. Date Orals Passed: 4/11.

Advisory Committee: Cane, Ting, D. On Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary? Chen. Integrated evolution of the atmosphere-ocean coupled modes. El Nino and the Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), and Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) are a few significant modes of fruits of sorrow, climate variation from interannual to multidecadal time scales identified from sea surface temperature (SST). It is South, well known that ENSO dynamics involves tropical atmosphere-ocean (AO) coupling. Of Sorrow? As to American Map, the PDO and AMO, they are also viewed as the outcome of coupling, yet there is no well-accepted theory about the mechanism involved. Thus, one aim of this thesis is to explain this low frequency AO coupling and how it leads to fruits, the observed climate variation.

Based on the heat budget equation, the temperature variation or tendency is determined by the horizontal heat advection (by ocean gyre circulation), vertical heat advection (by upwelling or downwelling), and dissipation (interior ocean mixing) as well as the AO interface heat flux. In order to look into pulmonary, the ocean’s role, estimation of the relative significance of fruits essay, each term will be done using the output from coupled climate models. The time variation of each term will also be investigated using time series analysis tools and literary essay middle school, other statistical methods (linear inverse model) to assist the fruits, explaining of the mechanism. The basic assumption in this work is malthus's principle the tendency, that the coupling is not a local phenomena but on a basin wide or global scale, which is fulfilled through the oceanic and atmospheric circulation. By studying this topic, we attempt to understand the fundamental question of how heat is transported through AO coupling within the fruits essay, climate system. Further question to be addressed will be how the modes of coupling will change under the topics in law, global warming condition. Date Orals Passed: 4/12.

Advisory Committee: Norell, Meng, Flynn. Fossils, Morphology, Molecules: combined analyses of salamander phylogeny. Urodela (salamanders) are a major group of modern amphibians (Lissamphibia), with a long evolutionary history that can be traced back to the Mezozoic dinosaur time. Of Sorrow Essay? Phylogenetic studies of salamander evolution have revealed sharp conflict between the hypotheses based on morphological data and/or molecular data. The proposed research intends to conduct combined analyses incorporating phylogenetically significant early fossil taxa, all available morphological and molecular data; a method herein termed “Fossils-Morphology-Molecular Approach” (FMM approach). Such an disease approach has the advantage in resolving or relaxing the morphology/molecular conflicts, and obviously the essay, advantage in obtaining phylogenetic hypotheses with the ultimate power of malthus's essay principle of humans, scientific explanation. Fossil discoveries from the Middle Jurassic to of sorrow essay, Early Cretaceous beds in northern China have provided the malthus's essay on the, key material for understanding the origins and early evolution of fruits, modern salamander clades. The fossil material found includes the earliest known fossil record of two major salamander clades (Cryptobranchoidea and middle school, Salamandroidea), and fruits of sorrow, the basal taxa of several modern salamander clades. These fossils, together with other Mesozoic fossils worldwide, not only topics in law, increase the taxon sampling for the phylogenetic analysis to be conducted, but also represent new combinations of anatomical characters, many of which are ancestral to salamander evolution. Morphological data used will include characters of salamander osteology, soft anatomy and ontogenetic development from various sources.

Characters are drawn both from careful examination of real specimens and from published literature. Molecular data from GenBank will include more than 20000 base pairs coming from of sorrow complete mitochondrial genomes, ribosomal RNA and various nuclear DNA. These data will be analyzed both separately and essay pulmonary, combined. Analyses of smaller dataset (morphological dataset with/without fossils) will be performed using PAUP, whereas analyses of of sorrow, morphology/molecular combined dataset (with/without fossil taxa) will be performed using more powerful tools, including MrBayes and essay history, POY. Phylogenetic results of parsimony analysis will be compared with that of Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian analysis. Fruits Essay? Cladograms will be calibrated using geological time scale and the first occurrence datum of fossils (FOD). By doing this, both the on chronic obstructive, relationships and fruits of sorrow, the tempo of salamander evolution can be better understood.

Date Orals Passed: 3/13. Advisory Committee: Bell, Buck, Nettles. My research interests are focused on the interaction between glacial water flow (subglacial and supraglacial) and ice dynamics. Subglacial hydrology is one of the main controlling factors in the spatial and temporal evolution of ice flow: how the water drains underneath an ice sheet has important implications for the basal sliding condition. However, subglacial water drainage is dynamic in space and topics in law, time and varies in a complicated manner coupled to surface hydrology. Despite recent conceptual advances, relatively little is known about how the essay, surface hydrology interacts with the South American, subglacial drainage system and how it affects effective pressure and ice flow. Currently, I am working on building a 2D numerical model of subglacial drainage to investigate the coupling between drainage of surface melt water and glacier motion.

A synthetic glacier geometry is used to obtain the fruits of sorrow essay, steady-state solutions for essay on the history of tango water pressure and subglacial conduit sizes. The water pressure solution is fruits, applied to a sliding law to calculate ice flow speed. The goal is to apply this model to a real outlet glacier in West Greenland and understand how glacial hydrology affects ice motion on a catchment scale. Date Orals Passed: 4/13. Advisory Committee: Ebel, Walker, Plank.

Constraining Chemical Environment and Processes in the Protoplanetary Disk: Perspective from Populations of Calcium- and Aluminum-rich Inclusions and Metal-rich Chondrules in Carbonaceous Ornans-type and Renazzo-type Chondrites Respectively? On Earth, petrologic and geochemical analyses provide insight into the Earth’s bulk composition as well as the interior and exterior processes that have been operating throughout Earth’s history as a planet. South Map? To understand the origin of the Earth and other terrestrial bodies, the chemical construct and dynamic processes operating in fruits essay, the solar nebula, a cloud of cooling gas and dust existing after sun formation, need to be constrained. Me Write A Personal? The history of the early solar system is preserved in the various components in chondritic meteorites. Chondrites have never experienced the significant planetary process of differentiation, which separates metals from silicates, and remixes chemical components. Thus, they can be considered aggregates of objects formed in the dynamic, cooling solar nebula. Fruits Essay? Ca- and Al-rich inclusions (CAI) are some of the highest temperature solids formed and dissertation topics in law, preserved in chondrites.

Chondrules are varied in mineralogy but those containing discrete metal layers record unique conditions relating to the heating and deformation history of the chondrules with which they are associated. The chemistries , textures, and mineral crystal orientations of CAIs and chondrules directly reflect the fruits essay, conditions and processes in their formation in the nebula. While many previous studies have chosen to focus on a few objects in detail, my study aims to examine many inclusions to better understand chemical, mineralogical, and textural variations and correlations. ? A majority of my research focuses on high resolution, x-ray element map analysis of individual CAIs and other objects in carbonaceous Ornans-like (CO) chondrites using custom-made image analysis software. But, to obtain a more complete understanding of complementarity, or the concept that bulk CO chondrite has a solar composition while individual components do not, I am analyzing the rare-earth element (REE) ratios in individual components. Determining the relationship between object mineralogy, texture, and REE ratio will yield insight into the occurrences of various components and their relative proportions that must combine to maintain solar composition within the bulk chondrite. This broad survey of CAIs and essay, other objects in CO chondrites will help constrain astrophysical models, refine the order in which minerals condense from the solar nebula, and further improve the formation criterion necessary to produce the fruits of sorrow, observed variation. ? Chondrule formation hypotheses are many but poorly constrained. The chondrules in carbonaceous Renazzo-type (CR) chondrites have associated metal in both the dissertation topics in law, chondrule core and near the rim. Electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) permits determination of metal crystal orientation. Determining the relationships between the crystal orientation and chemistry of metal nodules within and among the chondrules could yield insight into chondrule formation and deformation. Altogether, the results of this thesis work will contribute to our understanding of our solar system as solids began to fruits of sorrow, form and dissertation, the journey these solids took before becoming asteroids or planets. Date Orals Passed: 4/12.

Advisory Committee: Class, Goldstein, Hemming. Melt depletion and geochemical evolution of the subcontinental lithospheric mantle in the West Antarctic Rift System. The subcontinental lithospheric mantle (SCLM) undergoes compositional changes during tectonic events such as continental rifting, subduction, and orogeny, with each event leaving behind a geochemical imprint. Essay? Geochemical mapping of the lithosphere allows us to dissertation topics in law, gain a better understanding of how the fruits, continents are structured, and enables us to piece together the tectonic evolution of the continents. Here we look at the Western Ross Sea area of the essay history of tango, West Antarctic Rift System (WARS) as a case study. My thesis focuses on using these geochemical imprints to unravel the geochemical and tectonic evolution of the SCLM in the WARS: Os isotope ratios can be used to date the fruits of sorrow essay, melt depletion events in the asthenosphere that are considered to be equivalent to the stabilization age of the lithospheric mantle.

In this study, mantle xenoliths entrained in Cenozoic basanites were collected in a transection from the rift shoulder and into the rift basin in the western margin of the WARS. Literary Essay Middle School? Analyses of these samples provide a recent snapshot of the lithospheric mantle after major episodes of rifting. If we can trace the age of the lithospheric mantle across this margin, we can begin to essay, understand its behavior in response to essay obstructive disease, rifting and subsequent structure. We repeatedly observe. 1.7 Ga depletion events across the rifted margin, indicating the widespread Paleoproterozoic stabilization of the lithosphere and dynamic thinning of lithosphere across the fruits, western margin of the WARS. Trace elements provide another means to access the depletion history of the SCLM, however the malthus's essay on the of population discussed of humans, mobility and fractionation of these elements can obscure ancient depletion signatures. Nevertheless, we can exploit the fruits of sorrow essay, behavior of these trace elements. Help A Personal? For example, melt depletion is characterized by fruits of sorrow essay light rare earth element (LREE) depletions, however we observe LREE enrichments in statement, our 1.7 Ga xenoliths. Metasomatism, the chemical alteration of a rock via melt and/or fluid, can overprint the trace element composition of a rock, leaving behind diagnostic signatures of the metasomatizing agent (e.g. LREE re-enrichment by a carbonatitic melt).

Sr-Nd-Hf-Pb isotopes can be used to constrain the fruits, role of the SCLM in the formation of WARS volcanism. It has been proposed that Cenozoic basaltic volcanism in the Northern Victoria Land (NVL) region of East Antarctica originated from a SCLM source that had been metasomatized during an extensional event in the WARS during the Late Cretaceous. Additional studies demonstrate that Nd and Sr isotope ratios plot near the HIMU field, yet Pb and Hf isotope ratios plot between HIMU and DMM. This can be accounted for by varying proportions of lithospheric mantle source that has experienced Paleozoic to essay on the history of tango, Mesozoic modification due to subduction related fluids and flux melting which can incorporate fluid mobile elements such as Pb from the mantle wedge. By measuring these same isotope systems on mantle xenoliths, we can begin to address whether SCLM is a source for the widespread Cenozoic volcanism in the WARS. Date Orals Passed : 4/14.

Advisory Committee : T. Shaw, Seager, Ting. Recent observational and modeling studies have shown that wintertime variability of the fruits essay, stratospheric circulation is dynamically coupled to on the of tango, anomalous weather regimes in the troposphere. The fundamental source of the coupling is planetary-scale waves which are primarily generated in the troposphere and couple vertically with the of sorrow essay, stratosphere when the zonal-mean winds are westerly. My research focuses on understanding the help me write a personal statement, dynamics of extreme stratospheric planetary-scale wave events and their coupling to the stratospheric and tropospheric circulations. My results show that the lifecycle of upward wave propagation/downward wave reflection events are associated with vertically deep planetary wave structures that exhibit largely equal but opposite-signed time integrated impacts: a net deceleration/acceleration of the stratospheric polar vortex and an equatorward/poleward shift of the North Atlantic tropospheric jet. Downward wave reflection events are found to play a key role in the formation of strong vortex events showing that they both represent true dynamical events with strong wave-mean flow interaction. Together with the connection between upward wave propagation and weak vortex events, the fruits of sorrow, results illustrate a clear dualism in essay on chronic obstructive disease, stratospheric wave-mean flow interaction. Planetary wave events are focused in high-latitudes and produce large amplitude tropospheric impacts and hence represent a key dynamical pathway through which Arctic variability can impact the midlatitude circulation. My current research aims to address the question of fruits essay, why stratospheric planetary wave events become extreme in high-latitudes. Several mechanisms have been proposed in the literature such as stationary-transient wave interactions, instability and resonance.

A better understanding of the dynamical mechanisms responsible for planetary wave events is the subject of current research using idealized modeling. Date Orals Passed: 4/15. Advisory Committee: Ekstrom, Gaherty, Nettles. Investigations of the anisotropic velocity structure of the Pacific upper mantle. Seismic anisotropy, the South, variation of seismic velocity with the propagation or polarization direction of a wave, is an important observable for investigating the dynamics of the of sorrow, interior of the Earth. On The History? Models of seismic anisotropy in oceanic regions provide information about the geometry of strain and of sorrow essay, flow in the mantle, the specific nature of the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary, and the possible presence of partial melt in the asthenosphere.

In order to investigate these and other questions, my research is focused on developing a three-dimensional model of the essay on the history of tango, anisotropy velocity structure of the Pacific upper mantle. Fruits? Using measurements of fundamental mode surface waves, we invert for variations in seismic velocity laterally and with depth in the upper mantle of the Pacific basin. In addition to variations in on the of humans, isotropic velocities, we include in the inversion the elastic parameters describing both radial and azimuthal anisotropy. The resulting model will improve constraints on olivine fabrics and strain geometries in the oceanic upper mantle. Date Orals Passed: 3/13. Advisory Committee: Abers, Gaherty, Buck? My first major research project focused on the Woodlark Rift in southeastern Papua New Guinea.

This is one of the youngest and fruits essay, most rapidly extending continental rifts in the world, and is an intriguing locality for investigating how continents break apart. The D'Entrecasteaux Islands, at the heart of this rift, comprise metamorphic core complexes that contain the world's youngest ultra-high pressure coesite eclogite, exhumed from American 100 km depth in just 5 Ma. I have applied a variety of seismological techniques to investigate this region, using data from a temporary array of broadband seismometers installed by members of the LDEO seismology dept. Of Sorrow Essay? that ran from 2010-2011.? My analysis of shear-wave splitting, using core-traversing teleseisms, shows strong anisotropy beneath this rift, attributed to crystallographic fabric in the shallow mantle caused by the rate and extent of obstructive, continental rifting. I have related anisotropy and shear strain in the shallow convecting mantle to predict shear-wave splitting times that are very close to the splitting times I observe, bolstering our hypothesis that the anisotropy arises from mantle fabric related to rifting. These findings shed light on how mantle flow transitions as a rift matures from fruits essay a small-scale extensional regime to a large-scale divergent boundary.? We conducted a body-wave tomography study in the same region, using teleseismic P- and S- wave arrivals, and taking a finite-frequency approach to relate differential travel times to 3D velocity heterogeneities. The isotropic velocity model reveals a localised rift structure evident to ?180 km depth, as well as an apparent slab remnant that contains the essay principle of humans, first intermediate depth seismicity observed in this region, discovered last year by members of our research group.

Building upon this work, I developed a new method to jointly invert for anisotropy and velocity variations in this rift by simplifying the geometry of the anisotropic fabric based on the rift geometry and the SK(K)S splitting results. Fruits? This work revealed that the rift axis contains anisotropic material with spreading-parallel fast axis, that is breaking upwards through lithosphere that has spreading-perpendicular fast axis (aligned with the trend of recent orogenies). Malthus's On The Principle Of Population The Tendency Of Humans? This exciting result demonstrated that we can actually image lithospheric breakup from the of sorrow essay, anisotropy signal. ? My next project will entail a change in direction: we are using OBS and on-land seismic data from the Cascadia Initiative’s Amphibious Array to study attenuation of the Juan de Fuca plate from ridge to trench to arc. Using differential t* measurements we can investigate the variation of attenuation associated with plate ageing to answer questions about the plate’s thermal structure, the essay pulmonary, distribution of melt/volatiles, and the fate of the asthenosphere upon subduction. Of Sorrow? This work complements previous studies using surface waves and will contribute to topics in law, our developing understanding of anelastic controls on seismic parameters by probing the Earth in fruits of sorrow, a different frequency range. Date Orals Passed: 4/14. Advisory Committee: Honisch, McManus, deMenocal. Quaternary carbon cycling in the Atlantic Ocean: Insights from boron and radiocarbon proxies. Ice core records of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) support a tight linkage between CO2 concentrations and South Map, climate over Quaternary glacial-interglacial cycles. On millennial timescales, atmospheric CO2 concentrations are driven by the deep ocean, which holds the largest reservoir of exchangeable carbon.

The nature and phasing of fruits essay, relationships between deep ocean circulation, the oceanic carbon cycle, atmospheric CO2 and climate remain enigmatic, and are all the more important considering recent anthropogenic perturbation of the global carbon cycle. My research addresses the above questions through the creation of new paleoproxy records to constrain deep-ocean carbon cycling. To date, I have measured the boron isotope and malthus's the tendency, radiocarbon composition of fruits of sorrow, deep-sea bamboo corals, and assessed their ability to record changing pH and radiocarbon activity in the North Atlantic Ocean. Going forward, I aim to combine radiocarbon records from modern deep-sea corals to elucidate the transfer of radiocarbon produced by nuclear weapons testing to essay on the, the deep North Atlantic Ocean. Additionally, I will set up a high-throughput procedure for boron isotope analyses via multicollector ICP-MS at Lamont. With this procedure, I aim to reconstruct changes in pH in the deep Atlantic Ocean across the “thermohaline crisis” during the mid-Pleistocene Transition. Date Orals Passed: 5/15.

Advisory Committee: Shillington, Tolstoy, Carbotte. Controls on surface processes, fluid flow, sedimentation, and essay, faulting on active and essay on the history, passive. margins from multi-beam sonar and multi-channel seismic reflection data. My thesis will include at least three chapters: The first chapter is focused toward gaining an understanding of surface processes, fluid flow, faulting/compaction, and sediment physical properties outboard of the deformation front at the Cascadia Subduction Zone.

To obtain this goal, I am using 2D multi-channel seismic (MCS) and multi-beam sonar (MB) data collected offshore Oregon and Washington during the fruits essay, Cascadia Ridge to Trench survey in 2012. I first performed detailed p-wave velocity analysis to achieve. sub-surface perspective on seafloor surface related fluid flow features (e.g. pockmarks). I then used the derived velocities to both depth-convert the MCS data in order to measure fault offset/dip within the sediment section and pulmonary disease, provide porosity information, which I then use to of sorrow, decompact the literary rubric, sedimentary units in fruits of sorrow essay, order to uncover the embedded tectonic signal i.e. intra-plate faulting. As an additional project, I mapped large-scale scour marks on the distal Astoria Fan and. then inverted for the source process azimuth. Malthus's Principle Discussed? The azimuths all point toward the Astoria canyon, which is the extension of the Columbia River, and therefore, may be indicators of seafloor erosion due to late Pleistocene outburst flooding events. The second chapter involves mapping amplitude variations along with specific surface seismic attributes across sub-surface paleo-channels and related rift-block bound basin unconformities within the Galicia 3D MCS dataset collected offshore Spain in fruits essay, the summer of 2013. The 3D volume is. 20km x 67km and has been processed to help statement, pre-stack time migration. I am then relating the amplitude variations/surface seismic attributes to current seafloor reflectivity derived from the MB backscatter data in order to better constrain channel morphology and abyssal plain sand distribution as it relates to tectonic and climatic forcing processes from the Miocene to present.

Furthermore, I plan to use the drilling results/check-shots to generate synthetics in order to better constrain the time-depth relationship indicated by the reflectivity series. The third chapter will involve 2D MCS and MB data collected offshore the US East coast during both the ENAM USGS/NOAA surveys in 2013-2015. I will develop a 1D inversion algorithm to constrain the p-wave velocities and use them to study the physical properties of discrete Holocene submarine slope failures. Furthermore, I will perform amplitude vs offset analysis along the basal slide surface of the fruits of sorrow essay, slope failures in me write a personal, order to quantify the of sorrow essay, change in physical properties. Date Orals Passed: 4/14. Advisory Committee: Broecker, deMenocal, Polissar. Variation in the intensity of the East Asian Summer Monsoon as recorded by elevated shorelines and malthus's essay on the discussed the tendency of humans, dD leafwax. - dD leafwax in soils. - Water isotopes in the E. Mediterranean and the Levant. - Production rates of meteoric cosmogenic nuclides during the last deglaciation.

Date Orals Passed: 4/12. Advisory Committee: McManus, Hemming, Anderson. Abrupt climate change has been shown to fruits of sorrow, occur synchronously with changes in the vigor of the me write a personal statement, oceans’ circulation. As oceans redistribute massive quantities of heat across the Earth’s surface, changes in their circulation are often invoked as playing an important or perhaps driving role in these past climate changes. Many high-resolution climate records, generated over the past two decades, have provided glimpses into fruits, these past climate events; however, the equivalent, detailed record for changes in the oceans overturning circulation remains elusive. My thesis research focuses on essay middle school, refining, Pa/Th, a proxy that will help us generate a more detailed understanding of the relationship between climate and changes in ocean overturning. Protactinium and thorium are two elements produced through the fruits of sorrow, radioactive decay of uranium in seawater. As the middle school, concentration of uranium is fruits, well known and relatively homogenous in the ocean, the Map, disparate chemical properties of these two elements help us to essay, understand the strength of the oceans’ circulation regime, elucidating the role of the oceans in global climate change.

Abrupt shifts in the Atlantic’s circulation regime have been inferred from help me write carbon isotopes within benthic foraminfera, geostrophic gradient shifts captured in oxygen isotope data from benthic foraminifera, and the change in burial rate of of sorrow essay, 231Pa/230Th in bulk sediment. Drift deposits are often selected for 231Pa/230Th paleoceanographic reconstructions because the sedimentation rates far exceed those of the essay obstructive, mean ocean average, thus allowing for resolution of transient climate events not preserved in other seafloor sediment cores. Of Sorrow? The fine sediment (20um) that makes up the majority by mass of these deposits is me write, chiefly carried from non-proximal localities. Previous work suggests that the of sorrow, fine fraction of the essay on the history of tango, sediment carries a disporportionatly high concentration of authigenic thorium, 230Th , and extra-terrestrial helium, 3He, two nuclides frequently employed as constant-flux proxies in the aid of climate reconstructions from sediments. Date Orals Passed : 4/14. Advisory Committee : Ekstrom, Nettles, Webb. My research focuses on surface wave observations. Currently I am working to improve methods of earthquake relocations using surface waves by essay assessing and correcting source effects for essay on chronic obstructive disease recordings of teleseismic earthquakes which have previously been unaccounted for. In the future, I intend to analyze surface wave recordings to analyze the relationship between explosive sources and fruits, tectonic release in the context of underground nuclear test monitoring.

Date Orals Passed: 10/14. Advisory Committee : McManus, Anderson and Winckler. The position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) is a personal, hypothesized to play an important role in tropical circulation, in linking the climate of the fruits of sorrow essay, northern and southern hemispheres and in predicating important changes in ocean overturning, particularly on deglacial timescales. A Personal Statement? My dissertation will present reconstructions of the paleo-position of the ITCZ through the quantification of 230 Th xs,0 -normalized 232 Th fluxes in marine sediments which serve as a proxy for dust flux. Because the ITCZ is an efficient scavenger of atmospheric particulates, changes in the latitude of maximum dust flux provide a constraint on fruits of sorrow essay, variations in ITCZ position. Dissertation? Specifically, my current research focuses on reconstructing high-resolution (sub-millennial) records of dust flux from 0-350 ka BP at several sites in of sorrow essay, the central equatorial Pacific (Cruise ML1208). Date Orals Passed: 5/15. Advisory Committee : Gaherty, Spiegelman and Abers. The Cascadia subduction zone, where the Juan de Fuca plate subducts beneath the North American plate, has historically produced large, approximately M9, megathrust earthquakes. Improved knowledge of the structure of the dissertation topics in law, subducting crust and mantle can help us better understand the processes that control subduction, including those related to megathrust earthquakes. We use three seismic datasets to fruits essay, image different properties of the region at different scales. (1) Wide angle ship-to-shore reflection data from the 2012 Ridge-to-Trench and COAST cruises record variations in the reflection character of the subduction interface offshore central Washington.

An approximately 35 km long region of high amplitude reflections has been observed perpendicular to me write, strike spanning the coastline. These may be explained by differences in physical properties, ray geometry or a combination thereof. (2) Receiver functions calculated from the Cascadia Initiative (CI) dataset image thickness and essay, shear wave velocities of the crust. Thus far results have imaged a low velocity zone offshore central Washington, which may indicate a weak thrust zone. (3) Surface waves (also from the CI) are used to essay, calculate the phase velocities down to upper mantle depths across the entire Juan de Fuca plate and along the coast of the overriding North American plate. This will be used to of sorrow essay, look for velocity anomalies potentially associated with hydration of the mantle, segmentation of the plate along strike, or other heterogeneities. These data are complimentary to the receiver function images of the crust and will be used in a joint inversion to determine both the crust and mantle structure. In addition, many of on the principle, these data are from instruments deployed in an offshore environment. In particular, receiver functions have been challenging to calculate at ocean bottom seismometers (OBS) in fruits of sorrow essay, the past due to interference from the me write a personal statement, water column. Part of this research has involved characterizing the noise spectra of these instruments deployed at different depths to understand the of sorrow, frequency dependence of different noise sources. Since studying subduction zones requires both onshore and offshore observations, this improved understanding of using OBS data is instrumental in future studies of subduction zones.

Date Orals Passed: 5/15. Advisory Committee: Ducklow, Martinson, Goes. My dissertation research focuses on biogeochemical coupling with climate dynamics and physical oceanography in Antarctica. The West Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) has experienced the help me write a personal, most rapid response to climate change than any other place on the planet; teleconnections with climate variability such as ENSO and the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) are well reported. Using Palmer LTER time series data, my research investigates how the large scale climate/atmospheric forcing impacts ecology and biogeochemistry in the system, through examples via phytoplankton, heterotrophic bacterial dynamics, and fruits, biogeochemical standing stocks.

Based on interdecadal observational data and American Map, statistical models, I have addressed intraseasonal to interannual covariability of phytoplankton, bacteria, and biogeochemical standing stocks; I established physical and climate forcing mechanisms predicting the fruits of sorrow essay, variability, which includes interactions between SAM and essay of tango, ENSO, sea ice dynamics, and fruits of sorrow, water column stability parameters. My future plans include further investigations on on chronic obstructive disease, the impacts of pure physical processes (e.g. mixing) on the observed variability in the biogeochemistry. I also plan to incorporate the observed patterns to conceptual NPZD models. Date Orals Passed: 5/13. Advisory Committee: Shillington, Webb, Savage. Current seismic behavior and variation of seismic reflectivity signature for megathrust in the Alaska/Aleutian Subduction zone.

Great earthquakes occur in the seismogenic portion of fruits, subduction zone megathrusts. Although most subduction zones show small to moderate interplate thrust earthquakes during the intervals between great earthquakes, a few show only South American, seismicity within the fruits of sorrow essay, downgoing slab, not on me write, the plate interface, even at megathrust depths. The different patterns of seismic behavior could reflect different levels of material heterogeneity on megathrust. Downdip of the fruits of sorrow essay, seismogenic zone, the megathrust changes from stick-slip behavior to stable sliding. Competing models suggest that the American, transition is controlled by temperature or the intersection of the megathrust with the serpentinized forearc mantle wedge.

In some subduction zones, changes in fruits, behavior appear to be accompanied by changes in seismic reflection signature. The Alaska/Aleutian subduction zone is one of the best places to study the dissertation, relation between megathrust property and seismic hazard. During the 20th century, virtually the entire Alaska-Aleutian subduction interface has ruptured in large to great earthquakes. The 1964 Mw 9.2 Earthquake ruptured some onshore area, allowing us to deploy a broadband seismic network (MOOS array) to study the details of the current seismic behavior. Further west, the rupture zone of 1938 Mw 8.2 Earthquake lies completely offshore and is fully accessible to marine profiling. The megathrust of the Alaska/Aleution subdction zone also exhibits large variations from locking to freely sliding along strike from recent GPS study. My thesis focuses on the seismic behavior and reflectivity of the megathrust in the Alaska/Aleutian subduction zone and consists of: 1. A detailed study of seismicity recorded by the MOOS array. We generated a seismic catalog with 8,308 earthquakes down to magnitude 1.0 with high precision and calculated 117 focal mechanisms from the of sorrow, data recorded by MOOS array. Most microearthquakes are showing normal faulting mechanisms, and the direction of the T axes generally follows the dipping direction of the dissertation, slab, indicating that they lie inside the subducting slab under down-dip extension or result from of sorrow plate bending.

Interplate thrust events are absent on principle discussed the tendency, the megathrust within the 1964 great earthquake rupture area. 2. Study the variations in seismic reflection signature of the fruits essay, megathrust from MCS data. We trace the reflections of the plate interface from the in law, trench to place 140km landward on the dip profile across the of sorrow essay, rupture zone of the 1938 Mw 8.2 earthquake. Large variations in the reflection response are observed with depth. The plate interface is marked by a single, simple reflection within the rupture zone. Literary Rubric? Farther landward, 120 km from the trench, the megathrust reflection changes to a brighter and wider ( 12 s twtt) zone of reflectivity, where more abundant intraslab seismicity as well as episodic tremor and slip occur.

The change in the megathrust reflection response appears to occur where it intersects a shallower band of reflectivity, which we tentatively interpret as the continental Moho. Date Orals Passed 4/15. Advisory Committee: Previdi, Fiore, Ting. Impacts of of sorrow, anthropogenic aerosols on U.S. climate: extreme events, stagnation, and the warming hole. Anthropogenic aerosols remain one of the largest sources of uncertainty in our understanding of and ability to of tango, project present and future climate. I examine the effects of anthropogenic aerosols on regional climate in the United States, with a focus on extreme events and the southeast U.S. “warming hole”. I examine changes in frequency, magnitude, and duration of extreme temperature, precipitation and stagnation events. Extreme atmospheric stagnation events, characterized by persistent weak winds and lack of precipitation, are of particular concern for air quality and human health. The lack of ventilation and fruits of sorrow essay, scavenging by precipitation allows pollutants to South American, build up to dangerous levels in the boundary layer. This creates a potential feedback between air pollutants (atmospheric aerosols) and the meteorological conditions that contribute to extreme pollution events. Using the fruits, GFDL-CM3 chemistry-climate model, I find that aerosols have reduced the frequency and topics in law, magnitude of high temperature extremes over the U.S. between 1860 and 2005, while decreasing the frequency and magnitude of extreme precipitation, particularly in the eastern U.S.

As a result, aerosols have largely cancelled out the of sorrow, effects of greenhouse gases over on the discussed the historical period. However, emissions of anthropogenic aerosols are projected to decrease in the future, unmasking the of sorrow, impacts of greenhouse gases during the Map, next few decades.? The modeled spatial response pattern of extreme temperatures to both aerosols and greenhouse gases is characterized by a strong response in the western U.S., moderate responses in the central and northeast U.S., and a weak or absent response in the southeast U.S., collocated with the observed “warming hole”, one of the fruits of sorrow, few regions across the globe which has not warmed significantly over the twentieth century. I find that the weak temperature response in this region is tied to changes in the moisture budget, driven by changes in essay on the of population, regional circulation patterns and the westward extent of the Bermuda High. I will use results from fruits of sorrow multiple global climate models to evaluate how the frequency, intensity, duration, and spatial extent of U.S. stagnation events change in response to forcing from essay obstructive pulmonary disease anthropogenic aerosols. I will use observations of essay, U.S. air stagnation from NCDC in conjunction with GFDL-CM3 to examine specific large-scale stagnation events (such as summer 2012) and identify key atmospheric drivers (such as changes in the Bermuda High). On Chronic Pulmonary? I can then examine how these drivers change in response to forcing by atmospheric aerosols, providing a mechanistic explanation for changes in stagnation.

Finally, I will use a series of sensitivity simulations performed by several chemistry-climate models to examine the impacts of fruits essay, aerosols from American Map different source regions and from individual aerosol chemical components on U.S. stagnation events. Ultimately, this work will help us understand the impacts anthropogenic aerosols on past and present U.S. climate, which will in turn improve our ability to project the effects of their removal over fruits of sorrow essay the next few decades. Date Orals Passed: 4/15. Advisory Committee: Martinson, Gordon, Yuan. The west Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) is rubric middle, bordered by the Antarctic circumpolar current (ACC), which flows adjacent to of sorrow essay, the continental shelf.

Below the permanent pycnocline, the ACC advects upper circumpolar deep water (UCDW), characterized by essay on chronic pulmonary temperature and fruits of sorrow, nutrient maxima. Understanding the transport of UCDW onto the WAP shelf is important for two main reasons. Firstly, the available heat of circumpolar deep water is believed to be partly responsible for on the of tango recent increased melt of marine glaciers. Fruits Of Sorrow Essay? Secondly, as a nutrient-maximum (macro, but more importantly, micro), the essay obstructive pulmonary, transport of UCDW onto the WAP shelf influences the local ecosystem. One of the essay, primary goals of my research is to understand the processes of shelf-slope exchange along the rubric middle, WAP margins. To date, I have identified that intrusions of UCDW to the WAP shelf are episodic with a frequency of about 3-4 per month and a size on fruits of sorrow essay, the order of the first baroclinic Rossby radius. There is a mesoscale structure to the UCDW boluses which is shown to originate in the baroclinic instability of the shelf-break current upstream. Essay On The History Of Tango? The advective component of the intruding current is coherent with the along-slope wind stress in the weather-band and of sorrow essay, intrusion sites are tied to bathymetry at the shelf break (both cross-cutting canyons and seaward-veering isobaths). I am now testing the hypothesis that nonlinearity of the literary rubric school, weakly stratified flow induced by wind bursts facilitates the essay, crossing of of population the tendency, linear potential-vorticity conserving contours and allows episodic penetration at these topographically-determined sites.

The hope is to isolate essential dynamics so as to extend these findings to regions of similar shelf-break and fruits, current configuration around the Antarctic continent. Topographically-independent exchange of a yet-unquantified amount may occur as well via interleaving. A parallel goal of my research is to quantify the modification (by vertical and school, lateral mixing) of the intruding water mass. Since there are no microstructure observations on the WAP shelf, this largely involves parameterizations (Richardson number-based and internal wave shear/strain-based) and inversion methods applied to budgets of conserved properties. The work utilizes a combination of theoretical models and analysis of an extensive, multi-platform observational database (moored current meters, shipboard CTD/ADCP observations, and fruits essay, autonomous underwater vehicles). Date Orals passed: 4/14. Advisory Committee: Class, Shillington, Hemming. Magmatism at of population discussed the tendency of humans, the southern end of the East African Rift System - origin and role during early stage rifting.

The process of fruits, continental rifting is fundamental to modern tectonic theory, yet details of the emergence and early evolution of literary rubric middle school, continental rifts are still poorly known. I use geochemical tools to reconstruct the sources and fruits of sorrow, timing of rift magmas as part of an integrated study that examines magmatism segmentation - two fundamental features of nascent divergent plate boundaries. The southern East African Rift exhibits pronounced segmentation and crustal thinning despite being nearly devoid of magmatic activity. The Rungwe Volcanic Province in Tanzania is the only volcanic region in dissertation, the southern 1000 km of the rift. Physical models require magmatism at the onset of of sorrow essay, continental extension, but Rungwe is too small volume and located in the wrong place to serve this purpose. A detailed investigation of the timing and pulmonary, chemistry of Rungwe eruptions could shed light on the role of these volcanoes in initiating and sustaining regional extension. A number of geochemical approaches are employed to fruits, better understand how existing volcanoes developed at South, Rungwe. Eruption ages, obtained using Ar-Ar isotopic ratios in the rocks, help track the initiation and frequency of eruptive activity in the context of regional tectonic extension. Of Sorrow Essay? Isotopic fingerprints of these lavas give context of topics in law, how the mantle source here relates to sources around the globe. Of Sorrow Essay? Petrological models of lava compositions give context of the conditions at the source of melting.

I intend to construct a highly-resolved, time integrated model of continental rifting by essay on chronic combining these three critical datasets with field observations. This model can potentially be independently verified by the extensive geophysical survey underway which will better image subsurface structures. Date Orals Passed: 4/15. Advisory Committee: van Geen, Bostick, Schlosser. Access to fruits of sorrow essay, safe water is a personal statement, a fundamental human need and therefore a basic human right –Kofi Annan, the UN Secretary General rightly pointed out our rights to water and sanitation. Fulfillment of such a basic need is a challenge in many parts of the fruits essay, world because of essay history, either limited water supply or contamination of the available water. My research tries to answer questions about the fate and transport of arsenic (As), a metalloid naturally present in of sorrow essay, groundwater around the world that threatens the help a personal statement, lives of tens of millions of people drinking untreated well water, particularly in South and Southeast Asia. My study assesses long-term temporal variability of of sorrow essay, shallow (30 m) groundwater arsenic concentrations across a 25-km 2 area of malthus's essay the tendency, Araihazar, Bangladesh, where a team of health and earth scientists have been conducting research since 2000. Comparisons of test results spanning more than a decade indicate significant changes. The observed trend shows that As concentrations in areas with initially high levels have declined whereas concentrations in of sorrow, areas with initially low levels have increased.

The hypothesis I am currently exploring using simple hydrological and in law, geochemical assumptions is that this trend has been driven by fruits essay widespread irrigation pumping. Date Orals Passed: 3/14. Advisory Committee: Goddard, Kushnir, Baethgen. Cross-timescale Interference and American Map, Climate Predictability of Rainfall Extreme Events in fruits, South East South America. My research focuses on the physical mechanisms and potential predictability associated with climate extreme rainfall events in South East South America (SESA), at multiple temporal scales (sub-seasonal to seasonal). Dissertation Topics In Law? I use an approach known as weather-within-climate that identifies persistent weather types through cluster analysis to describe climate events with particular characteristics. I analyze the relationship between these synoptic circulation types and extratropical cyclones, meso-scale convective systems and fruits of sorrow essay, enhanced moisture advection events (e.g., low-level jets or atmospheric rivers), also exploring different sources of potential predictability (e.g., El Nino-Southern Oscillations, Southern Annular Mode, Atlantic Meridional Mode, Southern Atlantic Dipole, Madden-Jullian Oscillations and the South Atlantic Convergence Zone behavior) for these events at different temporal scales.

I have found that these weather types are not only useful to understand the physical mechanisms and identify potential predictors related to extreme events, but that they are “sensitive” to cross-timescale interactions between the different climate drivers. This led me to explore the impact of the so-called Cross-timescale Interference Conjecture on extreme rainfall events. My analysis indicates that considering cross-timescale interactions increases extreme events’ seasonal predictability in approximately 50%-70% with respect to help a personal statement, the more traditional approach. Using these ideas I was able to design and fruits of sorrow essay, evaluate a new methodology that is able to produce subseasonal-to-seasonal extreme rainfall scenarios”, providing not only skillful climate information about essay on the history, how many extreme events to expect in SESA for the next season, but also about how, when and where are they expected to occur. Special attention is paid to the potential for the development of fruits, useful and reliable products for literary school decision-making in different sectors in SESA. Date Orals Passed: 11/12.

Advisory Committee: Gordon, Yuan, Zappa. Intraseasonal Sea Surface Temperature variability coupling to Madden- Julian Oscillations over the Indonesian Maritime Continent. The Sea Surface Temperature (SST) variability is governed mainly by air–sea or surface heat fluxes, subsurface processes including Ekman pumping, intense tidal mixing, and lateral advection. All oceanic and atmospheric forcing determines the of sorrow, variability of SST. The Indonesian sea surface temperature are influenced by many oceanic and atmospheric forcing across different timescales, which consist of tides, Indo-Australian monsoon, El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), and essay on chronic disease, the Indonesian Throughflow. They are located at the pathway of prominent tropical atmosphere phenomena such as the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), which is identified as convective and subsidence cells along the equator that propagate eastward from the Indian to Pacific Ocean. The seasonal forcing is the largest contributor to SST variability in the Indonesian Seas, and the combined seasonal and semi-annual variability can only explain. 70% of total SST variances in Indonesian Seas. The remaining. 30% of the SST variability has not been studied, and we suspect that it is fruits of sorrow essay, attributed to intraseasonal and interannual variation.

My study particularly focuses on malthus's essay principle of population discussed the tendency, describing the SST characteristics at intraseasonal timescales (20-90 days) over of sorrow essay the Indonesian Seas by considering plausible governing processes such as atmospheric and help me write a personal, oceanic motions and their corresponding to the air-sea interaction. The objective of my study is to examine intraseasonal SST variability of the Indonesian seas (Indonesian maritime continent), specifically to understand the sea-air interaction, coupling of the ocean and atmosphere associated with the MJO dynamics, which we argue is one of the primary drivers for SST variability at intraseasonal timescales in some area of the Indonesian Seas. The analysis includes evaluating their responses to MJO events at several seasonal and interannual background states. This study is fruits essay, very useful for South American a better weather prediction in the region. Date Orals Passed: 9/14. Advisory Committee: Griffin, Boelman, Callahan. My primary research focuses on fruits essay, plants’ physiological response to increasing air temperatures. Most of on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, my work is conducted in the Hudson Highlands Region of New York State, where proximate causes of climate change, such as insect outbreaks, severe droughts, environmental disturbances such as forest clearings, and intense deer browsing have resulted in the mortality of dominant tree species (oaks), impacting long-term biomass, carbon dynamics, and carbon storage capacity in northeastern forests. However, one of the most important threats to carbon storage capacity in the region includes plant community shifts via climate change.

A study published in 2008 by collaborators at Black Rock Forest summarized changes in forest composition over the last 76 years. They found that three northern ranged species were extirpated from the forest and fruits of sorrow, eleven southern-ranged or non-native species had migrated in naturally or anthropogenically. Topics? I aim to compare a suite of physiological (photosynthesis and respiration) and leaf traits across a broad range of tree species with different historic distribution ranges (northern, central, and southern) that co-occur in fruits essay, this region's forests in order to understand the physiological mechanisms that may be driving species replacement as trees migrate to climatically suitable habitat. This research will provide insight into principle the tendency of humans, whether the centrally-ranged species, such as the of sorrow essay, dominant red oak, are physiologically disadvantaged, which may threaten their persistence under elevated temperatures, influencing the carbon sequestration capabilities of northeastern temperate forests. Date Orals Passed: 4/14. Advisory Committee: Kushnir, Giannini, Sobel. SST-Forced Variability of West African Monsoon Rainfall on Seasonal to Decadal Timescales. The West African Monsoon is one of the major monsoon systems on the planet, delivering the totality of literary essay rubric, rainfall to the Sahel region of Africa during a few summer months. Fruits? This monsoon system has demonstrated considerable variability on a number of timescales ranging from sub-seasonal to dissertation topics in law, interannual, decadal, and fruits of sorrow, even millennial.

Indeed, both the spatial extent and magnitude of the observed rainfall shift during the 20th Century in this region was unseen anywhere else in dissertation topics, the world. Much of the essay, variability on seasonal to decadal timescales has been attributed to literary school, forcing by the global oceans, which drive anomalously weak or strong monsoon responses. However, the physical mechanisms which link sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies across the various basins to precipitation changes over land are not fully understood, nor is the interplay between competing anomalies and their resulting effects. My dissertation aims to address some of these research gaps using a blend of observations, theories, and modeling. Some of the ways in which I have been re-examining the role of the of sorrow essay, global oceans on Sahel rainfall variability are in using a moisture budget framework and idealized SST experiments to identify the atmospheric signatures that are consistent with precipitation change. The improved understanding of the effects of SSTs on Sahel rainfall variability have large implications for policy and decision-making in the region.

Date Orals Passed: 4/15. Advisory committee: Savage, Holtzman, Scholz. My research focuses on two methods of understanding the mechanical controls on the seismogenic zone. Of Population? The first half of my thesis focuses on the shallow portion of the seismogenic zone at the Japan Trench where the 2011 M w 9.1 Tohoku-Oki earthquake slipped to the surface and caused a large tsunami, leading to the disaster at the Fukushima nuclear power plant. A year after the earthquake, an ocean drilling expedition sampled the of sorrow, fault zone that slipped during the Tohoku-Oki earthquake.

I have used trace element geochemistry to essay pulmonary disease, develop a detailed stratigraphy of the plate boundary fault zone, which gives insight into the distribution of fruits, deformation in this region. The degree of localization of slip can have significant implications for the stress state required for topics in law this shallow slip. I am also developing a biomarker thermal maturity indicator (using alkenones and n -alkanes) to fruits essay, determine whether faults in the decollement region have experienced a significant temperature rise (inferred to be the result of frictional heating). This allows us to determine which faults inferred from the stratigraphy were likely to dissertation, have slipped seismically. Through a series of hydrous pyrolysis experiments, I also constrain the kinetics of the biomarker thermal maturation to estimate the temperature rise on these seismic faults. This allows us to put constraints on fruits essay, the maximum earthquake each of these faults may have experienced. The second half of my thesis focuses on the effect of temperature changes on the frictional behavior of subducting sediments at of tango, the upper limit of the fruits essay, seismogenic zone.

I will investigate the effect of short-duration pulses of hot fluid onto fault surfaces from nearby fault zones. This will give insight into the dynamic frictional behavior that can be important for our understanding of obstructive, aftershock sequences. Fruits? I will also investigate the frictional behavior of subducting sediments with varying amounts of carbonate, a significant input to the sedimentary budget of subduction zones. Carbonate material tends to disease, begin deforming plastically at shallower conditions than silicate rock. However, carbonate-rich sediment has been observed to demonstrate unstable slip behavior over a wider range of conditions than more clay-rich sediment. I will investigate the deformation mechanisms that could be responsible for this enhanced seismic potential. Date Orals Passed: 4/14. Advisory Committee: Cane, Seager, Abernathey. My research focuses on the variability in the Tropical Pacific Ocean on of sorrow, decadal to multidecadal timescales.

This variability has been shown to literary rubric school, force hydroclimate on nearly every continent, and is responsible for the drought that has affected the Southwestern United States since 1999. Further, it has been hypothesized that fluctuations in fruits of sorrow essay, the rate of the pulmonary, increase of global mean temperature with anthropogenic forcing, such as the global warming hiatus of the 2000s, may be modulated by fruits of sorrow essay the mean state of the Tropical Pacific. My project investigates both the predictability of this phenomenon and the global ocean's response to it in terms of heat uptake. I address these questions using ocean reanalysis datasets and coupled model simulations, by applying idealized conceptual models, statistical analyses, and a Lagrangian advection scheme. Date Orals Passed: 3/12. Advisory Committee: Bostick, Chillrud, Schlosser. Developing Improved Strategies of Remediating Arsenic Contaminated Aquifers. Arsenic is a widespread contaminant in groundwater around the world, and is highly detrimental to topics, humans and fruits of sorrow essay, many other organisms. Arsenic is also the second most common contaminant of concern at U.S.

EPA National Priority List. In this context, my work is focused on the development of the geochemical techniques for remediating arsenic problems. The fate of arsenic contamination is often linked to iron. But their interaction is not simple in that it involves a complex network of biological and chemical (abiotic) redox processes, solid-solution phase equilibria, and both thermodynamic and kinetic controls. Therefore, I want to help me write a personal statement, investigate laboratory microcosms using arsenic-bearing aquifer sediments and fruits, groundwater and also conduct field scale research, to understand the efficacy of different amendments at retarding arsenic mobility, and elucidate changes in essay on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, solid-phase iron and arsenic speciation. From my work, I hope to reveal the implicit relationship between iron and arsenic within subsurface environments and the conditions under which these processes either liberate or sequester arsenic. Date Orals Passed: 3/12. Advisory Committee: Nettles, Ekstrom, Gaherty. Glacial Earthquakes and Glacier Seismicity in Greenland.

I am interested in a range of seismic phenomena associated with large marine-terminating glaciers in fruits of sorrow, Greenland. On the global scale, I consider glacial earthquakes that produce globally observable surface waves which can be analyzed in literary essay rubric school, order to provide information on the geometry and dynamics of their source glaciers. Fruits Of Sorrow? As these events may be analyzed in near-real time, they potentially represent an important means of on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, monitoring large glaciers in Greenland for changes in their dynamic behaviour. On the local scale, I am interested in the abundant, tiny earthquakes which occur in these rapidly deforming glaciers, and the connections between those events and fruits of sorrow essay, larger questions with regards to the calving process and other aspects of glacier dynamics. More broadly, I am interested in a personal statement, the connection between sources of seismicity and the physical processes governing them. My dissertation includes studies of glacier grounding states, front-position, and calving-front orientation, and tidal forcing, using both global and of sorrow essay, local seismic data. Date Orals Passed : 3/14. Advisory Committee : Flynn, Meng, Christie-Blick. South America’s relative geographic isolation for much of the Cenozoic, and the continent’s reach from high latitudes to the subtropics bred a diverse, abundant, and disparate array of topics in law, endemic mammals. For instance, there are perhaps as many as five orders of of sorrow, extinct placental herbivore representing a gamut of ecomorphologies (“meridiungulates,” or South American native ungulates, SANUs).

Some research questions: What are SANUs, with relation to each other and to the rest of the essay, placental mammals? How do morphological and molecular evolution relate to fruits of sorrow, climate, and can characters and character changes be local paleoenvironmental proxies? Do ancient biomolecules, including DNA and protein sequences, agree with morphological phylogenetic data? Some projects: I am expanding the Assembling the Tree of Life project Mammalia dataset, adding taxa to test the hypothesis that some of the SANUs are related to African mammals while others are related to history, Holarctic ungulates. I have explored the relation between morphological evolution and climate within one SANU family, a project born out of alpha-taxonomic descriptive work on two new fossil genera from fruits a new latest Eocene site in the Chilean Andes. Essay? I have also looked in fairly exhaustive detail at the chronologic basis for fruits calibrating phylogenetic comparative and help, other macroevolutionary studies, reviewing and revising the mammal-based biochronology of Cenozoic South America. Of Sorrow? For my most recent project I am extracting ancient DNA from various North American ungulates to test hypotheses surrounding Pleistocene population and malthus's on the principle of population the tendency of humans, ecosystem dynamics, as well as phylogenetic (taxonomic) hypotheses, with an eye towards testing and refining ancient DNA methods in the lab and in fruits essay, silico. Date Orals Passed: 3/12. Advisory Committee: Buck, Bell, Creyts.

Sliding Dynamics and Internal Structure of Ice Sheets. Basal sliding is an important part of ice sheet dynamics. My work is focused on basal sliding and a personal, hydrology, and the linkages between these processes and ice sheet stratigraphy. Identification and Control of Subglacial Water Networks Under Dome A, Antarctica. This chapter is concerned with using ice-penetrating radar to fruits of sorrow, identify subglacial water in East Antarctica. I found numerous subglacial lakes organized along topographically controlled hydraulic networks that connect melting and freezing locations beneath the help statement, ice sheet. Published in essay, JGR-Earth Surface in 2013.

Traveling slippery patches produce thickness-scale folds in topics in law, ice sheets. This chapter is concerned with a model for of sorrow the production of large (of order 1000m) basal structures in continental ice sheets. Such structures have been observed in radar data from both Antarctica and Greenland. Essay Middle? I find that thermally controlled slippery patches at the ice sheet base can migrate downstream over time. Convergence produced by the gradient in basal slip around these patches produces uplift within the ice sheet. When the patches move with the ice sheet, this uplift can produce large stratigraphic structures that resemble the observations. This new feedback stresses the essay, importance of time-variable basal slip and enlarges our understanding of the relationship between slip and stratigraphy. Me Write A Personal Statement? Published in GRL in 2014. Overturned folds in ice sheets: Insights from fruits a kinematic model of travelling sticky patches and comparisons with observations. This chapter generalizes the malthus's essay on the of population discussed, connection between basal slip and internal stratigraphy.

Here I used a kinematic model in a moving reference frame to identify overturning vortices that form in fruits of sorrow, the lower portion of the dissertation in law, ice column above a moving sticky patch. The dimensions of the vortex depends on the regional sliding velocity and on the propagation velocity of the patch. I used three example observed radar folds to of sorrow, constrain model parameters using data. Submitted to JGR-Earth Surface in August 2015. Basal freeze-on: Mechanisms and volumes. This chapter explores the conditions necessary to produce large basal freeze-on structures inside ice sheets. I explore the dissertation topics in law, dominant factors controlling both conductive cooling and supercooling, as well as the ice flow conditions that encourage the fruits essay, formation of large basal structures. I conclude with a discussion of the water supply and literary essay, glaciological settings that promote basal freeze-on, as well as the settings that promote traveling slippery and sticky patches. In preparation. Date Orals Passed: 4/13.

Advisory Committee: Goldstein, Pena, B. Anderson. Neodymium isotope composition in deep waters can be considered as a water mass tracer. My research interest is to study modern and past ocean circulation using Nd isotopes and concentration. It consists of the following components: 1. The high Nd isotope ratios of North Pacific Deep Water (NPDW, ?Nd = -4) have been difficult to reconcile with the inputs as reflected in surface waters (e.g. Jones et al.

EPSL 2008). An additional volcanic component has been suggested. In order to constrain the sources of Nd in the North Pacific, samples from the fruits essay, INOPEX Cruise (2009) have been analyzed for Nd isotopes. Below 2500m in malthus's on the discussed of humans, samples from the Aleutians-Kamchatka and fruits essay, East Asia margins, the ?Nd values are convergent at. -3.6, consistent with NPDW. However, samples above 2500m from Aleutians-Kamchatka show higher ?Nd than corresponding depths near East Asia, consistent with higher volcanic contributions near the Aleutians-Kamchatka. In the shallowest 500m the ?Nd trends to malthus's discussed the tendency, more positive values toward the surface (to -1.5) near the Aleutians-Kamchatka, and toward lower values near East Asia (to -4.6), also consistent with volcanic contributions at Aleutians-Kamchatka. The highest ?Nd at Aleutians-Kamchatka coincides with a previously reported Fe concentration maximum, interpreted as Fe mobilization from reduced marginal sediments (Lam and Bishop GRL 2008), which may also be a means of mobilizing REE.

2. Over the past several years, studies have increasingly focused on essay, the potential of external addition of Nd along water mass transport paths (for example through “boundary exchange” with particulates or addition from groundwaters), thus challenging the idea that Nd isotopes behave “quasi-conservatively” in the oceans. The SW Atlantic, with the major water masses involved in the AMOC (southward flowing NADW, northward flowing AAIW and AABW), is arguably the best place on on chronic obstructive disease, Earth to evaluate how well Nd isotopes trace water mass mixing, in of sorrow essay, order to clarify its value for following the dissertation in law, AMOC through time. We will report Nd isotope ratios of seawater collected on the SW Atlantic meridional transect of the of sorrow essay, NIOZ West Atlantic GEOTRACES Cruise Leg 3 (RRS James Cook 057), which sampled seawater profiles and the sediment surface at 18 stations between 0-50°S. Most stations are sampled in the open ocean, providing a test of whether Nd isotopes show quasi-conservative mixing systematics away from continental margins. The cruise section also provides several opportunities to test the potential effects of external Nd input. 3. Dissertation Topics? The modern Southern Ocean has significant input from NADW, which is essay, reflected in Nd isotope compositions of the Southern Ocean, and on chronic pulmonary, when the essay, Atlantic meridional ocean circulation weakens, so will the help a personal, North Atlantic signal. Thus, present and paleo-records of the water mass distribution in the Southern Ocean will help to understand the changes of of sorrow essay, ocean circulation. Using Nd isotopes in modern seawater and fossil fish debris from sediments will help to characterize the present day and past evolution in the Southern Ocean Nd end-member composition. Date Orals Passed: 4/12. Advisory Committee: McManus, Ryan, deMenocal.

The Late Pleistocene Evolution of the Black Sea. The Black Sea is a large, deep, and semi-enclosed body of water that lies at the interior of a series of basins connected to the Mediterranean Sea via two shallow sills characterized by an estuarine-type circulation. This hydrologic setting changed in the past. Over the last 3 million years, the Black Sea alternated between two environments: a freshwater lake and a brackish-to-marine basin. The factor that controlled the preferential state is the form of the topics in law, connection with the Mediterranean Sea.

The entry of salt water is limited by fruits of sorrow essay the height of the global sea level relative to the threshold depth of the sill in the Bosphorus portal. The last time the Black Sea connected to essay on the of humans, the Mediterranean occurred approximately 7,150 years ago as a consequence of the rising global sea level from deglaciation. Essay? This led to literary rubric school, large changes in the basin which include salinization, sapropel deposition, anoxia, and fauna turnover. Fruits Of Sorrow? This event is clearly seen in both shelf and statement, slope cores. Prior to the connection, the Black Sea remained very fresh and the bottom waters were more oxygenated.

Turnover occurred at times the surface waters became dense enough to break the stratification. During the last glacial maximum, the Black Sea sediments have a series of sulfide spots implying that turnover was reduced. These spots disappeared when a series of of sorrow, meltwater pulses appear in the cores, which have a distinct brownish color and rubric middle school, record hyper-pycnal floods. Plumes of freshwater brought oxygen to the black sea and hence, formation of iron sulfide did not occur. I am studying the series of these events, how they are reported in the sediments, how one dates them, and the connections between the shelf and the slope cores. I am also thinking about how these events in essay, the Black Sea connect to statement, global and the possible implications.

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